Long Conversation One
M: You are a professor of Physics at the University of Oxford. You are a senior advisor at the European Organization for Nuclear Research. You also seem to tour the global tirelessly, giving talks. And in addition, you have your own weekly TV show On Science. Where do you get the energy?
W: Oh, well. 【Q1】I just love what I do. I am extremely fortunate to have this life, doing what I love doing.
M: Professor, what exactly is your goal? Why do you do all of these?
W: well, as you said, I do have different things going on. But these I think can be divided into 【Q2】two groups: the education of science, and the further understanding of science.
M: Don't these two things get in the way of each other? What I mean is, doesn't giving lectures take time away from the lab?
W: Not really, no. I love teaching, and I don’t mind spending more time doing that now than in the past. Also, what I will say is, that 【Q3】teaching a subject helps me comprehend it better myself. I find that it furthers my own knowledge when I have to explain something clearly, when I have to aid others understanding it, and when I have to answer questions about it. Teaching at a high level can be very stimulating for anyone, no matter how much expertise they may already have in the field they are instructing.
M: Are there any scientific breakthroughs that you see on the near horizon? A significant discovery or invention we can expect soon.
W: 【Q4】The world is always conducting science. And there're constantly new things being discovered. In fact, right now, we have too much data sitting in computers. For example, we have thousands of photos of planet Mars taken by telescopes that nobody has ever seen. We have them, yet nobody has had time to look at them with their own eyes, let alone analyze them.
Q1: Why does the woman say she can be so energetic?
Q2: What has the woman been engaged in?
Q3: What does the woman say about the benefit teaching brings to her?
Q4: How does the woman say new scientific breakthroughs can be made possible?
M: Do you think dreams 【Q5】have special meanings?
W: No. I don't think they do.
M: I don't either, but some people do. I would say people who believe that dreams have special meanings are superstitious, especially nowadays. In the past, during the times of ancient Egypt, Greece or China, people used to believe that dreams could foresee the future. But today, with all the scientific knowledge that we have, I think it's much harder to believe in these sorts of things.
W: My grandmother is superstitious, and she thinks dreams can predict the future. Once, 【Q6】she dreamed that the flight she was due to take the following day crashed. Can you guess what she did? She didn't take that flight. She didn't even bother to go to the airport the following day. Instead, she took the same flight but a week later. And everything was fine of course. No plane ever crashed.
M: How funny! Did you know that flying is actually safer than any other mode of transport? It's been statistically proven. People can be so irrational sometimes.
W: Yes, absolutely. But, even if we think they are ridiculous, 【Q7】emotions can be just as powerful as rational thinking.
M: Exactly. People do all sorts of crazy things because of their irrational feelings. But in fact, some psychologists believe that our dreams are the result of our emotions and memories from that day. I think it was Sigmund Freud who said that children's dreams were usually simple representations of their wishes, things they wished would happen. 【Q8】But in adults', dreams are much more complicated reflections of their more sophisticated sentiments.
W: Isn't it interesting how psychologists try to understand using the scientific method something as bazaar as dreams? Psychology is like the rational study of irrational feelings.
Q5: What do both speakers think of dreams?
Q6: Why didn't the woman's grandmother take her scheduled flight?
Q7: What does the woman say about people's emotions?
Q8: What did psychologist Sigmund Freud say about adults' dreams?
While some scientists explore the surface of the Antarctic, others are learning more about a giant body of water -- four kilometers beneath the ice pack. Scientists first discovered Lake Vostok in the 1970s by using radio waves that penetrate the ice. Since then, they have used sound waves and even satellites to map this massive body of water. How does the water in Lake Vostok remained liquid beneath an ice sheet? “The thick glacier above acts like insulating blanket and keeps the water from freezing,” said Martin Siegert, a glaciologist from the university of Wales. In addition, geothermal heat from the deep within the earth may warm the hidden lake. The scientists suspect that microorganisms may be living in Lake Vostok, closed off from the outside world for more than two million years. Anything found that will be totally alien to what’s on the surface of the earth, said Siegert. Scientists are trying to find a way to drill into the ice and draw water samples without causing contamination. Again, robots might be the solution. If all goes as planned, a drill-shift robot will melt through the surface ice. When it reaches the lake, it will release another robot that can swim in the lake, take pictures and look for signs of life. The scientists hope that discoveries will shed light on life in outer space, which might exist in similar dark and airless conditions. Recently closed-up pictures of Jupiter’s moon, Europa, shows signs of water beneath the icy surface. Once tested the Antarctic, robots could be set to Europa to search for life there, too.
Q9: What did the scientists first use to discover Lake Vostok in the 1970s?
Q10: What did scientists think about Lake Vostok?
Q11: What do the scientists hope their discoveries will do?
The idea to study the American Indian tribe – Tarahumaras, came to James Copeland in 1984 when 【Q12】he discovered that very little research had been done on their language. He contacted the tribe member through a social worker who worked with the tribes in Mexico. At first, the tribe member named Gonzalez was very reluctant to cooperate. He told Copeland that no amount of money could buy his language. But after Copeland explained to him what he intended to do with his research and how it would benefit the Tarahumaras, Gonzalez agreed to help. 【Q13】He took Copeland to his village and served as an intermediary. Copeland says, thanks to him, the Tarahumaras understood what their mission was and started trusting us. 【Q14】Entering the world of Tarahumaras has been a laborious project for Copeland. To reach their homeland, he must strive two and half days from Huston Taxes. He loads up his vehicle with goods that the tribe’s men can’t easily get and gives the goods to them as a gesture of friendship. The Tarahumaras, who don’t believe any humiliating wealth, take the food and share among themselves. For Copeland, the experience has not only been academically satisfying but also has enriched his life in several ways. 【Q15】“I see people rejecting technology and living a very hard, traditional life, which offers me another notion about the meaning of progress in the western tradition,” he says, “I experienced the simplicity of living in nature that I would otherwise only be able to read about. I see a lot of beauty and their sense of sharing and concern for each other.”
Q12: Why did James Copeland want to study the American Indian tribe -- Tarahumaras?
Q13: How did Gonzalez help James Copeland?
Q14: What does the speaker say about James Copeland’s trip to the Tarahumaras village?
Q15: What impresses James Copeland about the Tarahumaras tribe?
What is a radical? It seems today that people are terrified of the term, particularly of having the label attach to them. 【Q16】Accusing individuals or groups of being radical often serves to silence them into submission, thereby, maintaining the existing state of affairs, and, more important, preserving the power of a select minority, who are mostly wealthy white males in western society.
Feminism is a perfect example of this phenomenon. The women's movement has been plagued by stereotypes, misrepresentations by the media, and accusations of man-hating and radicalism. When the basic foundation of feminism is simply that women deserve equal rights in all facets of life. When faced with the threat of being labelled radical, women back down from their worthy calls and consequently, participate in their own oppression.
It has gotten to the point that many women are afraid to call themselves feminists because of a stigma attached to the word. If people refused to be controlled, and intimidated by stigmas, the stigmas lose all their power, without fear on which they feed, such stigmas can only die.
To me, 【Q17】a radical is simply someone who rebels against the norm when advocates a change in the existing state of affairs. On close inspection, it becomes clear that the norm is constantly involving, and therefore, is not a constant entity.
So why then, is deviation from the present situation such a threat, when the state of affairs itself is unstable and subject to relentless transformation?
It all goes back to maintaining the power of those who have it and preventing the right of those who don't. In fact, when we look at the word "radical" in a historical context, nearly every figure we now hold up as a hero was considered a radical in his or her time. Radicals are people who affect change. They are the people about whom history is written. Abolitionists were radicals, civil rights activists were radicals, 【Q18】 even the founders of our country in their fight to win independence from England were radicals. Their presence in history has changed the way our society functions, mainly by shifting the balance of power that previously existed. Of course, there are some radicals who've made a negative impact on humanity, 【Q18】 but undeniably, there would simply be no progress without radicals. That been said, next time someone calls me a radical, I would accept that label with pride.
Q16: What usually happens when people are accused of being radical?
Q17: What is the speaker's definition of a radical?
Q18: What does the speaker think of most radicals in the American history?
We are very susceptible to the influence of the people around us. For instance, you may have known somebody who has gone overseas for a year or so and has returned with an accent perhaps. We become part of our immediate environment. None of us are immune to the influences of our own world and let us not kid ourselves that we are untouched by the things and people in our life.
Fred goes off to his new job at a factory. Fred takes his ten-minute coffee break, but the other workers take half an hour. Fred says, “What’s the matter with you guys?” Two weeks later, Fred is taking twenty-minute breaks. A month later, Fred takes his half hour. Fred is saying “If you can’t be them, join them. Why should I work any harder than the next guy?” The fascinating thing about being human is that generally we are unaware that there are changes taking place in our mentality. It is like returning to the city smog after some weeks in the fresh air. Only then do we realize that we’ve become accustomed to the nasty smells. Mix with critical people and we learn to criticize. Mix with happy people, and we learn about happiness. What this means is that we need to decide what we want from life and then choose our company accordingly. You may well say, "That is going to take some effort. It may not be comfortable. I may offend some of my present company." Right, but it is your life. Fred may say, "I’m always broke, frequently depressed. I’m going nowhere and I never do anything exciting." Then we discover that Fred’s best friends are always broke, frequently depressed, going nowhere and wishing that life was more exciting. This is not coincidence, nor is it our business to stand in judgement of Fred? However, if Fred ever wants to improve his quality of life, the first thing he'll need to do is recognize what has been going on all these years.
It’s no surprise that doctors as a profession suffer a lot of ill health, because they spend their life around sick people. Psychiatrists have a higher incidence of suicide in their profession for related reasons. Traditionally, nine out of ten children whose parents smoke, smoke themselves. Obesity is in part an environmental problem. Successful people have successful friends, and so the story goes on.
Q19 What does the speaker say about us as human beings?
Q20 What does the speaker say Fred should do first to improve his quality of life?
Q21 What does the speaker say about the psychiatrists?
Virtually every American can recognize a dollar bill at a mere glance. Many can identify it by its sound or texture. But 【Q22】few people indeed can accurately describe the world's most powerful, important currency.
The American dollar bill is colored with black ink on one side and green on the other;【Q23】 the exact composition of the paper and ink is a closely guarded government secret. Despite its weighty importance, the dollar bill actually weighs little. It requires nearly 500 bills to tip the scales at a pound. Not only is the dollar bill lightweight, but it also has a brief life span. Few dollar bills survive longer than 18 months.
The word "dollar" is taken from the German word "taler," the name for the world's most important currency in the 16th century. The taler was a silver coin first minted in 1518 under the reign of Charles V, Emperor of Germany.
The concept of paper money is a relatively recent innovation in the history of American currency. When the Constitution was signed, people had little regard for paper money because of its steadily decreasing value during the colonial era.【Q24】Because of this lack of faith, the new American government minted only coins for common currency. Interest-bearing bank notes were issued at the same time, but their purpose was limited to providing money for urgent government crises, such as American involvement in the War of 1812.
The first noninterest-bearing paper currency was authorized by Congress in 1862, at the height of the Civil War. At this point, citizens' old fears of devalued paper currency had calmed, and the dollar bill was born. The new green colored paper money quickly earned the nickname "greenback."
Today, the American dollar bill is a product of the Federal Reserve and is issued from the twelve Federal Reserve banks around the United States. The government keeps a steady supply of approximately two billion bills in circulation at all times.
Controversy continues to surround the true value of the dollar bill.【Q25】American history has seen generations of politicians argue in favor of a gold standard for American currency. However, for the present, the American dollar bill holds the value that is printed on it, and little more. The only other guarantee on the bill is a Federal Reserve pledge of as a confirmation in the form of government securities.
Q22: What does the speaker say about the American dollar bill?
Q23: What does the speaker say about the exact composition of the American dollar bill?
Q24: Why did the new American government mint only coins for common currency?
Q25: What have generations of American politicians argued for?
1.A)She can devote all her life to pursing her passion.
2.D)Science education and scientific research.
3.A)A better understanding of a subject.
4.B)By making full use of the existing data.
5. B) They have no special meanings.
6. C) She dreamed of a plane crash.
7. D) They can have an impact as great as rational thinking
8. C) They reflect their complicated emotions.
9. A) Radio waves.
10. B)It may have micro—organisms living in it.
11. D)Shed light on possible life in outer space.
12. A)He found there had been little research on their anguage.
13. D)He acted as an intermediary between Copel and the villagers.
15. B)Their sense of sharing and caring.
16 .A)They tend to be silenced into submission.
17. D)One who rebels against the existing social orser.
18. C)They served as a driving force for progress.
19. B)It is impossible for us to be immune from outside influence.
20. D) Recognize the negative impact of his coworkers.
21. A) They are quite susceptible to suicide.
22. B) Few people can describe it precisely.
23. C) It is a well—protected government secret.
24. A) People had little faith in paper money.
25. C) It is awell—protected government secret.
Water Margin， one of the four classic novels in the Chinese literature， is based on the stories of the historical figures of Song Jiang and his partners， who rebelled against the feudal emperor， and has been popular among the Chinese readers for hundreds of years.
It is no exaggeration to say that almost every single Chinese is familiar with some of the major characters in the book as its splendid stories are repeatedly told in tea houses， on the- atrical stages， by radio and television， and on film screens. In fact， its influence has been far beyond the national boundary as more and more foreign readers are touched and intrigued by the stories of the novel.
《红楼梦》(Dream of the Red Chamber)是18世纪曹雪芹创作的一部小说。曹雪芹基于自己痛苦的个人经历，讲述了贾宝玉和林黛玉之间的悲剧性爱情故事。书中有大约30个主要人物和400多个次要人物，每个人物都刻画得栩栩如生，具有鲜明的个性。小说详尽地描述了四个贵族世家兴衰的历程，反映了封建社会隐藏的种种危机和错综复杂的社会冲突。
Dream of the Red Chamber is a novel written by Cao Xueqin in the 18th century， who， based on his own hard life experi- ence， tells the tragic love story between Jia Baoyu and Lin Daiyu. In the book， there are about 30 major characters and over 400 minor ones， each of whom is depicted vividly with distinctive personalities. The novel narrates exhaustively the rise and fall of four aristocratic families， reflecting vari- ous crises and complicated social conflicts that lurk in the feudal society.
Dream of the Red Chamber， which integrates realism and ro- manticism and generates strong artistic appeal， is universal- ly acknowledged as the greatest Chinese novel and one of the world' s literary masterpieces.
《西游记》(Journey to the West)也许是中国文学四大经典小说中最具影响力的一部，当然也是在国外最广为人知的一部小说。这部小说描绘了著名僧侣玄奘在三个随从的陪同下穿越中国西部地区前往印度取经(Buddhistscripture)的艰难历程。虽然故事的主题基于佛教，但这部小说采用了大量中国民间故事和神话的素材，创造了各种栩栩如生的人物和动物形象。其中最著名的是孙悟空，他与各种各样妖魔作斗争的故事几乎为每个中国孩子所熟知。
Journey to the West is probably the most influential one of the four classic novels in the Chinese literature and surely the best-known one on foreign lands. Depicted in the novel is the hard journey that Hsuan-tsang， an eminent monk， and his three followers make across west China to India to fetch Buddhist scripture. Although the theme is based on Bud- dhism， the book employs many materials of Chinese folk tales and myths to create various vivid images of characters and animals， among which is the most famous Monkey King， whose stories of fighting genies are extremely popular among Chinese kids.
Directions： For this part， you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the saying What is worth doing is worth doing well. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
in different stages of life， we may have diverse pursuit. 成 Some determine to pass an arduous exam whereas， others may tend to find a satisfying job. No matter what we are going to do， one thing is certain， we have to spare no effort to make the worthy task fully accomplished. As the saying goes， what is worth doing is worth doing well.
Looking around， we may find many deeds to which we can apply the value relected in the saying. Take myself as an ex- ample， I made my mind to attend the postgraduate entrance exams at the beginning of last year， which for me I thought was worth doing. Once the decision had been made， I never doubted the possibility of not being able to pass the exams. I made a comprehensive plan for the whole year study and stuck to it strictly. In the end， I managed to pass the exams and became a qualified graduate student.
To conclude， what is worth doing is definitely what is mean-- ingful to us and even can have a long-term influence on our life and growth. Only when we accomplish what is worth doing well can we be more likely to succeed.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the saying Wealth of the mind is the only true wealth. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
In this rapidly developing society, what we persue has never been more abundant than ever before. We care about the food safety, the health of the people around us, the apperence of us and the money we can earn. Talking about wealth, ideas may differ from person to person. Among all the elements of wealth that modern people attach impor?tance to, I reckon that wealth of the mind is the only true wealth.
Looking around, we may find many facts which can relect the value in the saying. Take Lihong as an example, she is not the traditionally typical youngster who would be consid?ered wealthy. However, she keeps reading books routinely and insists in attending a variety of lectures. When men?tioned, Lihong is always the exemplary model praised by ev?erybody. To many acquaintances of hers, they think she is one of the most knowledgable and thoughtful girls they’ve ever met. In the case of Lihong, wealth of the mind is more essentially valued than the money she possesses.
To conclude, it is not the money we earn but wealth of our mind that determines how people see us. This reminds us agian of the value that wealth of the mind is the only true wealth.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the saying Beauty of the soul is the essen?tial beauty. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
In this rapidly developing society, what we persue has never been more abundant than ever before. We care about the food safety, the money we can earn, the health of the people around us and the apperence of us, namely beauty. Talking about beauty, ideas may differ from person to person. Among all the elements of beauty that modem people attach importance to, I reckon that beauty of the soul is the essential beauty.
Looking around, we may find many facts which can relect the value in the saying. Take Lihong as an example, she is not the traditionally typical youngster who would be consid?ered beautiful. However, she keeps doing good routinely and insists in helping those in need. When mentioned, Lihong is always the exemplary model praised by every?body. To many acquaintances of hers, they think she is one of the most beautiful girls they’ ve ever met. In the case of Lihong, beauty of the soul is more essentially valued than that of her appearence.
To conclude, it is not the fashionable hairstyle, not the ex?pensive clothes we wear, but beauty of our soul that deter?mines how people see us. This reminds us agian of the value that beauty of the soul is the essential beauty.
How Telemedicine Is Transforming Healthcare
36.D段落第一-句None of this is to say that telemedicine
37.H段落第一句Many health plans and employers have rushed
38.E段落第- -句What' s more,for all the rapid growth
39.B段落第- -句Doctors are linking up with
40.K段落第-句Who pays for the services?
41.0段落第- -句To date,17 states have joined
42.G段落第-句Do patients trade quality for convenience?
43.F段落第一句Some critics also question whether
44.1段落第一句But critics worry that such
45.N段落第一句Is the state: by-state regulatory system
Six Potential Brain Benefits of Bilingual Education
36.H.段落第一句Do these same advantages benefit a child who begins learning a second language in kindergarten in-Ipcstead of as a baby?
37.C段落第一句Traditional programs for English-language learners,
38.J段落第一句About 10 percent of students in the Port-land,
39.D段落第一句The trend flies in the face of some of the culture wars of two decades ago,
40.M段落第一句American public school classrooms as a whole are becoming more segregated by race and class Du-al-language programs can be an exception.
41.E段落第一句Some of the insistence on English-first was founded on research produced decades ago,
42.B段落第一句Again and again, researchers have found,"bilingualism is an experience that shapes our brain for life,
43.P段落第一句A review of studies published last year found that cognitive advantages failed to appear in 83 per-cent of published studies,
44.G段落第一句 People who speak two languages often outperform monolinguals on general measures of executive function.
45.N段落第一句Several of the researchers also pointed out that,
46.C They are deeply impressed by Danielle Steel's daily. work schedule.
47.A She could serve as an example of industriousness.
48. A They are questionable.
49. C It may symbolise one's importance and success.
50. B The general public s should not be encouraged to follow it.
51-55 (Organic farming)
51.B Organic farming may be exploited to solve the global food problem.'
52. D It is not that productive.
53. C Inequality in food distribution.
54. B It is not conducive to sustainable development.
55. D Organic farming does long-term good to the ecosys-tem.
46- 50 (Public health)
46. B : People disagree as to who should do what.
47.A Governments have a role to play.
48. B They have not come up with anything more construc-tive.
49. D To justify government intervention in solving the obesity problem .
50. C When individuals have the incentive to act accordingly.
51-55 (The Coral Sea proposal)
51. A It is exceptionally rich in marine life.
52. D Complete the series of marine reserves around its coast.
53. A The government has not done enough for marine protection
54.D It is a tremendous joint effort to protect the range of marine habitats
55. C It will protect regions that actually require little pro-tection