第一节 系动词Be的用法


我用am,你用are,is连着他,她,它; 单数名词用is,复数名词全用are。

变疑问,往前提,句末问号莫丢弃。 变否定,更容易,be后not莫忘记。



1.am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not = wasn’t)

2.are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not = weren’t)

3.带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和am,is, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。


1、be +现在分词,构成进行时态,例如:

They are having a meeting. 他们正在开会。

English is becoming more and more important. 英语现在越来越重要。

2、be + 过去分词,构成被动语态,例如:

The window was broken by Tom.. 窗户是汤姆打碎的。

English is taught throughout the world. 世界各地都教英语。

3、be + 动词不定式,可表示下列内容:


He is to go to New York next week.. 他下周要去纽约。

We are to teach the freshpersons. 我们要教新生。

说明: 这种用法也可以说成是一种将来时态表达法。


You are to explain this. 对此你要做出解释。

He is to come to the office this afternoon. 要他今天下午来办公室。


How am I to answer him? 我该怎样答复他? Who is to go there? 谁该去那儿呢?


We are to meet at the school gate at seven tomorrow morning. 我们明天早晨7点在校门口集合

第二节 Do 的作用



do作实义动词时,有do, does, did, done, doing五种形式,还有及物、不及物之分。如:


①The old man does an hour of sport every day. ②She did her homework at home last night.

③Mother was doing the cooking when I reached home. ④Have you done the exercises yet?


①Kate does very well in her Chinese. ②How do you do? ③Well done! ④That will do.


do作助动词时,只有do, does, did三种形式,无词义,限用于含行为动词的一般现在时和一般过去时两种时态的否定句和疑问句中。如:

①They don't have any tickets for tonight's concert. ②Kate stayed at home last night, didn't she?

③How many books does the library have? ④She doesn't do the washing in the evening.


为避免动词的重复,使语言简练,常以do, does, did替代前文所用的行为动词。如:

①Tom runs much faster than you do.

②-Lucy, can you get some more tea, please? -Sure. I'll do it right away.

②-Who broke the cup? -Mimi did. ③-I like bananas. -So does he.



①Do be careful. ②Don't tell a lie. ③He did come. ④-You often go to the park. -So we do.

第三节 介词for的用法

1. 表示“当作、作为”。如:

I like some bread and milk for breakfast. 我喜欢把面包和牛奶作为早餐。

What will we have for supper? 我们晚餐吃什么?

2. 表示理由或原因,意为“因为、由于”。如:

Thank you for helping me with my English. 谢谢你帮我学习英语。

Thank you for your last letter. 谢谢你上次的来信。

Thank you for teaching us so well. 感谢你如此尽心地教我们。

3. 表示动作的对象或接受者,意为“给……”、“对…… (而言)”。如:

Let me pick it up for you. 让我为你捡起来。

Watching TV too much is bad for your health. 看电视太多有害于你的健康。

4. 表示时间、距离,意为“计、达”。如:

I usually do the running for an hour in the morning. 我早晨通常跑步一小时。

We will stay there for two days. 我们将在那里逗留两天。

5. 表示去向、目的,意为“向、往、取、买”等。如:

Let’s go for a walk. 我们出去散步吧。

I came here for my schoolbag.我来这儿取书包。

I paid twenty yuan for the dictionary. 我花了20元买这本词典。

6. 表示所属关系或用途,意为“为、适于……的”。如:

It’s time for school. 到上学的时间了。

Here is a letter for you. 这儿有你的一封信。

7. 表示“支持、赞成”。如:

Are you for this plan or against it? 你是支持还是反对这个计划?

8. 用于一些固定搭配中。如:

Who are you waiting for? 你在等谁?

For example, Mr Green is a kind teacher. 比如,格林先生是一位心地善良的老师。

第四节 with的用法

with 是介词,但其意义颇多,一时难掌握。为帮助大家理清头绪,这里以教材中的句子为例,进行分类,并配以简单的解释

1. 带着,牵着…… (表动作特征)。如:Run with the kite like this.

2. 附加、附带着……(表事物特征)。如:

A glass of apple juice, two glasses of coke, two hamburgers with potato chips, rice and fish.

3. 和…… (某人)一起。

a. 跟某人一起(居住、吃、喝、玩、交谈……) 。如:

Now I am in China with my parents. Sometimes we go out to eat with our friends.

b. 跟go, come 连用,有 "加入"到某方的意思。如:Do you want to come with me?

4. 和play一起构成短语动词play

with 意为"玩耍……,玩弄……" 如: Two boys are playing with their yo-yos.

5. 与help 一起构成 help...with...句式,意为"帮助 (某人) 做 (某事)"。如:

On Monday and Wednesday, he helps his friends with their English.

6. 表示面部神情,有"含着……,带着……" 如:

"I'm late for school," said Sun Yang, with tears in his eyes.

7. 表示 "用……" 如:You play it with your feet. What do the farmers do with your machines?

8. 表示 "对……, 关于……"。如:What's wrong with it? There's something wrong with my computer.

第五节 some与any的用法

(一)some 的用法

some 一些,某些,某个。可代替名词和形容词。常用于肯定句。在句子中用作主语、宾语、定语。作定语时,它可以修饰单数可数名词和复数可数名词,也可以修饰不可数名词。

1. 用于肯定句

——Ask some boys to help you.(修饰复数可数名词)


——Please bring some coffee.(修饰不可数名词)


——Ask some girl to come here.(修饰单数可数名词)


2. some 用于疑问句时表示“请求、邀请或希望得到肯定的回答”。

——Would you like some coffee?(表示请求、邀请)


——Have you some stamps?(希望得到肯定的回答)


(二)any 的用法

any 一些,任何。可代替名词和形容词。常用于否定句或疑问句,也可以用于条件状语从句。作定语时,它可以修饰复数形式的可数名词和不可数名词。

1. 用于疑问句或否定句

——Are there any cows in the fields?(修饰复数形式的可数名词)


——There won't be any trouble.(修饰不可数名词)


2. 用于条件状语从句

——If there is any trouble, let me know.


3. any 用于肯定句时,通常要重读,修饰单数可数名词和不可数名词。

——Any time you want me, just send for me.


——Come any day you like.


第六节 How many和How much的区别和用法

大家都知道how many和how much是用来提问多少,的意思,那么how many和how much有什么区别吗?


how many用来修饰可数名词的复数,它的句式是:How many+复数名词+ 一般疑问句+

how much用来修饰不可数名词,表示数量,也可单独使用。

2、how many的用法

(1)对there be句型中主语的数量如:some, five, only one等提问时,如果主语是可数名词,不管主语是单数还是复数一般都用复数形式提问,因为问话人不知道具体的数量是多少,而且many只能接可数名词复数形式,所以be一定要用are.即用How many+可数名词复数+are there+地点/时间状语 的句型结构.例如:

a.There is a book on the desk. (用how many改为特殊疑问句)

How many books are there on the desk

b.There are seven days in a week. (对划线部分进行提问)

How many days are there in a week


how many在句首,名词复数跟着走,一般问句紧相随,其它成分不要丢.

3、how much 的用法


How much milk is there in the glass 玻璃杯里有多少牛奶?


----How much does the pig weigh 这头猪多重?

----Eighty kilos.八十公斤。

(3)how much 意为“多少钱”时,可单独使用,也可构成词组how much money,但英语中常省略money,用来询问某物的价钱、价格。

(注意:how much询问价格时,它的回答若是中国的货币单位应采用汉语拼音yuan,fen来表示,几角常采用几十分来表示,字母用小写,且不用复数。例如:

-How much is the eraser 这块橡皮擦多少钱?-Ninety two fen.九角二分。)


-How much is three plus one 三加一等于多少?  -It ’s four.等于四。

第七节 have 和 has的用法


have:I 、We、You 、They、Amy and Tom has: He 、She 、It 、The boy、Amy


have / has的含义及用法:

1、作“有”讲。如: I have a bag. 我有一个包。 He has a red cup. 他有一个红杯子。


have breakfast (吃早饭) have tea (喝茶) have a drink (喝点水)

3、作“拿、取得、得到”讲。如:Can I have a toy? (我可以要一个玩具吗?)

注:somgthing,everything等用has,each of加名词用has,复数主语开头加each如they each仍旧用have.

第八节 do和does的用法

do 这个词(does是第三人称单数形式),大体上从两方面来讲。

1.作为行为动词,跟其他动词一样,如study, play等。他的意思是“做”等。如:

We usually do our homework in the afternoon.

He does his homework in the evening.


We don't like bananas. Do you like apples?

Does he like English? He doesn't like swimming.

上面有一句He does his homework in the evening.变成否定句是:

He doesn't do his homework in the evening.




Do you want to be a teacher? 你想成为一个老师吗?

I don’t like him. 我不喜欢他。

Where does Tom come from? 汤姆来自哪里?

I don’t know.我不知道。

He doesn’t live here. 他不住在这儿。

will/can/could/would/should/shall 等助动词后面加be

其他时候, 第一人称I后面用am,第二人称, 复数, 用are单数用is...