Unti1 what’s the matter?


1.too much 太多                       2.lie down 躺下  

3.get an X-ray  做个X光检查           4.take one ’s temperature 量体温  

5.put some medicine on ......在....上敷药   6.have a fever 发烧

7.take breaks /take a break 休息         8.without thinking twice 没多想

9.get off 下车                         10.take sb to the hospital 送某人去医院

11.wait for等待               one’s surprise 使.......惊讶的

thanks to多亏于;由于        time及时

15.think about 考虑                    16.have a heart problem患有心脏病  

17.get into the trouble 遇到麻烦 the right thing做正确的事情事情

19.fall down 摔倒                    20.put ...... on sth把...放在某物上

21.get hit/sunburned 摔伤/烧伤 interested in 对.....感兴趣 used to 习惯于....               24.take risks/take a risk 挑战

25.lose one’s life 失去生命            26.because of 因为 out of 用完                   28.cut off 切除

29.get out of 从...出来                30.make a decision/decisions 做决定 in control of 掌管;管理         32.give up 放弃


1.need to do sth .需要去做某事  2.see sb doing sth 看见某人正在做某事

3.ask sb sth 询问某人某事    4.expect sb to do sth 期望某人做某事

5.agree to do sth 想要做某事 sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

7.want to do sth 想要做某事   8.tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做某事

9.have problems(in) doing sth 做某事有困难  10.use sth to do sth用某物去做某事 used to doing sth 习惯于做某事 12.seem to do sth 好像做某事

13.keep on doing sth 继续做某事 14.mind doing sth 介意做某事











1. What’s the matter (with you)? 怎么了?出什么事了?

What’s the trouble/ the problem / wrong with sb./ sth.?

2. I had a cold.我感冒了。

have a cold=catch a cold=have the flu                    have a fever                have a cough咳嗽

have a stomachache胃疼,肚子疼      have a toothache牙疼                 have a headache头疼

3. 身体部位+ache(疼痛)构成新的复合词

stomach+ache=stomachache    head+ache=headache    tooth+ache=toothache    back+ache=backache后背痛

4. much too+             词,意为                ,too much+                  词,意为               

5. enough【形容、副词】足够的/地,enough放在名前后,形副后

good enough足够好,enough money=money money

6. lie down躺下, lie 躺,躺着,过去式lay;lie说谎,过去式lied

7. maybe “或许”,常用于句首,表示可能性,后加句子。Maybe you are right.

may be,是情态动词+be的结构,意为“可能,也许”,后加名词、代词或形容词。He may be angry.

8. sound like+名词代词和从句:It sounds like you don’t know the truth.                  It sounds like a good idea.

sound+形容词,“听起来,好像”,The music sounds nice.

9. need 需要,实义动词need+名词,需要某物;

   need to do sth.需要做某事,主语通常是人,表示人主动的动作:You need to listen carefully during class.

   need doing sth.主语通常是物,表示被动的动作:Your dirty clothes need  washing.

10. get off (the bus) 下(公交车) get on 上车

11. agree 同意,赞同;同意做某事                                   ,同意某人的看法、观点                                  

12. trouble问题,麻烦 ;be in trouble                               ,make trouble                       ,have trouble (in) doing sth. =have difficulties (in) doing sth                                   

13. right away=right now=at once,意为                                   

14.【复习】 advice  [不可数名词]劝告,建议,向…征求意见                                      , give sb. advice on sth.就某事给某人建议; advise [动词] advise sb. to do sth.                                      advise sb. doing sth                             .

15. 【复习】exercise 动词意为                      ,可数时意为                             ,不可数时意为                              

16. hurt 及物动词,使……疼痛,……受伤,He hurt his leg while exercising.

             不及物动词,……(部位)疼。   His leg hurt badly.

17. clean  【动词】                  ,clean the classroom                       ,【形容词】                      ,cleaner意为            。18. hit  (用手或器具)打;击打  The boy hit the dog with a stone.

      hit sb. on the head/ nose/ back打某人的头、鼻子、后背,on用在所打较硬的部位;

      hit sb. in the face/ eye/ stomach 打某人的脸、眼睛、肚子,in用在所打较软的部位。

19. be used to sth./ doing sth.习惯于、适应了……、做某事,强调状态;His grandpa was used to country life.

      Mary is not used to getting up early in the morning.

      get/ become used to sth./ doing sth. “变得习惯,逐渐适应……”强调过程、动作:It’s difficult for one to get used to another country’s habit.

20. 【复习】free [形容词]空闲的free time;免费的the drink is for free;自由的I want to become a free bird.

     free【动词】使……解脱,得到自由He could not free his arm.

21. run out用完,用尽 When his water run out, he knew that he would have to do something to save his own life.

物sth. tun out. 某物用尽了。    人sb. run out of物sth..人用尽了某物。He run out of all his money last night.

22. risk (sb.) to do sth. 冒险去做某事  take a risk=take risks 冒险

23. the importance of (doing) sth.(做)某事的重要性  We students should know the importance of (learning) English.

      importance   n.  重要(性),  important  adj.重要的,unimportant  adj.

24. decision  【名词】决定;抉择; make a decision                  make a decision to do sth.=                           

25. be in the control of …掌管,管理  The headmaster is in the control of this new school.

      be out of control无法控制,无法管理    be under control被控制住,在控制之中

26. 【复习】mind意为          ,mind doing sth.                          , Would you mind my opening the window?

27. give up (doing) sth. 放弃(做)某事,give up (playing) computer games;give up后可接名词、代词和动词ing形式,也可不接,如  Never give up easily.



1. have a cold

2. have a stomachache

3. see sb. do sth.

4. shout for help

5. expect (sb.) to do sth.

6. to one’s surprise

7. thanks to …

8. think about…

9. be interested in sth.

10. lose one’s life

11. save one’s life

12. take a risk=take risks

13. cut off

14. keep on doing sth.



数         人称







himself  herself   itself







1.  可用作宾语,指的是宾语和主语表示同一个或同一些的人或事物。

如:Maria bought herself a scarf.                               We must look after ourselves very well.  

2.  可用作表语,指的是表语和主语表示同一个或同一些人或事物。

   如: She isn’t quite herself today.

3.  可用作主语或宾语的同位语,常用来加强语气。

如:She herself will fly to London tomorrow.                         I met the writer himself last week.  

4.  用在某些固定短语当中。

如: look after oneself / take care of oneself 照顾自己  

teach oneself sth./ learn sth. by oneself自学

enjoy oneself 玩得高兴,过得愉快   

help oneself to sth 请自用……(随便吃/喝些……).  

hurt oneself摔伤自己   

say to oneself自言自语  

leave sb. by oneself把某人单独留下   

buy oneself sth.给自己买……东西

introduce oneself 介绍……自己 


1.  反身代词不能单独做主语,但可以做主语的同位语,起强调作用。 如:我自己能完成作业。

(误)Myself can finish my homework.   (正)  I myself can finish my homework. / I can finish my homework myself.

2.  反身代词表示“某人自己”不能表示“某人的东西”,因为它没有所有格的形式。表达“某人自己的(东西)”时,须要用one’s own.   

如:我用我自己的蜡笔画画。(误)I’m drawing with myself crayons.   (正)  I’m drawing with my own crayons.



1. My classmate, Li Ming, made a card for _________ just now.

2. Bad luck! I cut _________ with a knife yesterday.

3. They tell us they can look after_________ very well.

4. My cat can find food by_________ .

5. Help __________to some beef, boys.

6. Jenny enjoyed_________ in the park yesterday afternoon.

7. We can finish our homework by_________ .

8. The blind girl lost_________ in the beautiful music.

9. Xiao Hui, can you introduce _________ to us ?

10. Bill wants to teach_________ French from now on. 


Unit 2 Ill help to clean the city parks


1.clean up 打扫干净    2.cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振奋起来

3.give out 分发        4. used to 曾经......;过去........

5.give away 赠送;捐赠 6.set up 建立;设立

7.make a difference     8.come up with 想出

9.put off 推迟          10.put up 张贴 up 打电话给 out 帮助.....摆脱困难 for 照顾;照看   14.give up 放弃

15.try out for 参加选拔   16.come true 实现 out of 用光        18.take after 与.....相像

19.fix up 修理   similiar to 与......相似


1.need to do sth 需要做某事     2.make plan to do sth 制定计划做某事

3.ask sb (not ) to do sth 要求某人(不要)做某事

4.used to do sth 过去常常做某事   5.give up +时间+to do sth放弃时间做某事

6.get a feeling of.....有......感觉      7.decide to do sth 决定做某事 sb (to)do sth 帮助某人做某事 9.make a difference to 对......产生影响

10.make it possible for sb to do sth 使得做某事对某人来说是可能的


1. We need to come up with a plan to tell people about the city park clean-up.


2.We can’t put off making a plan.我们不能推迟制定计划了

3.We could put up signs. 我们可以张贴标志牌。


动词+副词 短语

cheer up 使高兴起来  clean up 打扫干净  put up 张贴  mix up 修理

give away 赠送  give out 分发   give up 放弃 use up用光 get up 起床

hand in 上交 put off 推迟 pick up 捡起 think over 仔细思考 turn down 关小音量

set up 建立 set off 出发 look out 小心

动词+介词 短语

look after 照顾    belong to 属于 take after 与....相像 hear from 收到.....来信

hear of 听说 pay for 支付 wait for 等待

动词+副词+介词  短语

get out of 避免  come up with 想出 catch up with 追上赶上look forward to 期待盼望

go on with 继续

动词+名词  短语

have a rest 休息一下  take a walk 散步  make mistakes 犯错 have a try 试一下

take place 发生 tell a lie 撒谎 make a decision 做决定

动词+名词+介词 短语

have a look at  看一看 make a friend with 与.....交朋友 have a word with 与....交谈

have a drink of 喝一点 pay attention to 注意 make fun of 取笑

Be+形容词+介词 短语

be late for 迟到   be angry with 生气 be fond of 喜欢 be good at 擅长  

be good for 对...有好处 be short of 缺乏 be similiar to 与......相似

be strict with 对......严格要求  be pound of 骄傲 自豪




    决心学会有希望( decide,learn,wish,hope)





         记得阻止理应当(remember stop,be supposed)





1.-Tom failed the exam again

 -Sorry to hear that. We should do something to           .

A. cheer him up  B.cheer on him C.cheer him on D.cheer uo him


2.The boys volunteer three hours          up the park near their school.

A. cleaning  B. to clean  C. cleaned    D. with cleaning

3.The woman in red          a teacher.She works in a hospital now.

A. used to be   B. is used to be C.was used to be

4.The old man lives         ,but he doesn’t feel        .

A. alone;alone  B. lonely;lonely C.lonely;alone D. alone;lonely

5.Tina, I have something important          you.

A.telling   B.tells   C.tell tell

6.--The old man          all his money to a charity.

A.took away  B.put away C.went away D.gave away

7.We all feel      after hear of the      news.

A.excited;exciting B.exciting;exciting C.excited;exciting D.exciting;excited


Unit3 Could you please clean your room?

短语归纳 the dishes 洗餐具      2.take out the trash 倒垃圾

3.go out 外出              4.stay out 呆在外面;不在家 out 帮助做完某事 least 至少

7.throw down扔下         8.all the time 一直;反复 surprise 惊讶地 soon as 一......就......


12. in order to 为了  13.provide sth for sb 向某人提供某物

14.depend on 依赖;信赖   15.look after 照顾;照看

16.keep it clean and tidy 保持干净整洁  17.get into 进入

18.take care of 照顾 a result 结果


1.finish doing sth 做完某事             2.want sb to do sth 想要某人做某事

3.try (not) to do sth 尽力(不)做某事   4.let sb do sth 让某人做某事

5.spend......(in) doing sth 花费......做某事

6.mind doing sth 介意做某事            7.learn to do sth 学习做某事

8.learn how to do sth 学习怎样做某事  

9.The +比较级,the+比较级  越......,就越.....


情态动词could 的用法

表示请求与准许,could 委婉有礼貌;



推测可能用could, 虚拟语气也常用




Unit 4 why dont you talk to your parents?


1.too much太多(修饰不可数名词)   2.hang out 闲逛

3.too many 太多(修饰可数名词复数) 4.get into a fight 争吵 sb up 给某人打电话    about 谈论

7.look through 浏览                  8.give back 归还 angry with sb 生某人的气         10.a big deal 重要的事情 out 解决;算出               12.get on with sb 与某人和睦相处

13.communicate with sb 与某人交流 worried about 担心..... afraid of 害怕.....       front of在...前面

17.not... any more 不再...     much/many 那么多

19.compete with sb 与某人竞争         20.cut out删除;删去

21.all kinds of 各种各样      比较;对比 one’s opinion 依...看              24.turn down 调小


1.allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事        2.why don’t you do sth?为什么不做某事呢?

3.why not do sth ?为什么不做某事呢?      4.find sb doing sth 发现某人在做某事

5.tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做某事          6.refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事

7.let sb do sth 让某人做某事               8.offer to do sth 主动提供做某事

9.not....until....直到....才...        ’s time to do sth 该做某事了 +adj+to do sth 做某事是.....的          12.keep on doing sth 继续做某事

13.what do you think of...?你认为....怎么样?


1.Why don’t you+V.......?等提出建议的句型及常用的答语

2.连词until,so that 以及although 引导的状语从句




Unit5 what were you doing when the rainstorm came?


1.wait for 等待                     2.look for 寻找

3.go off (闹铃)发出声音            4.take a shower 洗澡

5.pick up 接电话;捡起             6.make sure 确信;务必

7.have fun 玩的开心                8.fall asleep入睡;睡觉

9.die down 逐渐变弱;逐渐消失      10.wake up 醒来;叫醒 a mess 乱七八糟      time of difficulty 在困难时期

13.take photos 照相                 14.turn on 打开

15.make one’s way 行走;前行 silence 沉默地;无声地

17.take down摧毁;拆卸;记下       18.tell the truth 说实话

19.point out 指出                    20.go away 消失 well 也               out 喊出

用法归纳 busy doing sth/be busy with sth 忙于(做)某事

2.see sb /sth doing sth 看见某人或某物正在做某事

3.begin/start to do sth 开始做某事

4.try to do sth 努力去做某事

5.have trouble(in)doing sth做某事又困难











Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains

短语归纳 on 从事            soon as 一.......就......

3.take...away 拿走,带走            4.a good way to do sth 做某事的好方法

5.a little bit 一点儿                 6.once upon a time 从前 other times 平时;有时         8.turn...into..变成

9.come out出现,出版,结果是     10.get married 结婚

11.fall in love with sb 爱上某人 up打开 born 出生                   14.think of ways 想出方法

15.all over the world全世界         16.make a plan to do sth 制定计划做某事

17.along the way 沿路     lost 迷路

19.find out 找出                   20.learn about 了解


1.try to do sth  设法做某事                    2.finish doing sth 完成做某事

3.continue to do sth 继续做某事                4.make sb do sth 让某人做某事

5.keep doing sth 一直做某事                   6.instead of doing sth 代替做某事 able to sth 能够做某事                    

8.It takes/ do sth 花费...做某事         

9.have no time to do sth 没有时间做某事

10.become interested in doing sth 对做某事感兴趣

11.can’t stop doing sth 禁不住做某事

12.hear sb doing sth 听到某人正在做某事

13.lead sb to somewhere 引导某人到某处

14.leave sth at/in somewhere 把某物遗忘在某地 sb sth 向某人展示某物


1.unless引导的条件状语从句引导的结果状语从句 soon as 引导的时间状语从句




Unit7 whats the highest mountain in the world?


1.take in 吸入;吞入      the face of 面对(问题;困难) birth 出生时         you can see 正如你所看到的 far as I know 据我所知         6.up to 直到

7.prepare ...for...为...准备...          8.fall over 摔倒

9.die from 死于......                 10.cut down 砍到

11.take care of 照顾;照看           12.or so 大约;左右 danger 处于危险之中


1.any other+名次单数    其他任何一个......

2.feel free to ask sb sth on ...... 就...随意问某人某事 of the +形容词最高级+可数名词复数     最....的....之一

4.what’s the+形容词最高级+名词 in the world?世界上最....的....是什么?


6.succeed in doing sth 成功做成某事

7.teach sb about sth 教某人有关.....内容

8.send sb to do sth 派某人去做某事

9.There be sb/sth doing.....有某人/物正在做某事


1.数词  hundred,thousand,million,billion 的用法










Unit8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?

短语归纳 full of 充满                         2.grow up 长大

3.put...down...                  least 至少

5.hurry up赶快                          6.bring back to sw 带回到某地

7.not long after that 之后不久             8.more than 超出 the middle of 在....中间               10.fight over 与....争吵;争斗

11.think about 考虑                       12.come to realize 逐渐意识到

13.ever since then 从那时起                14.a kind of 一种

15.such as 例如                           16.belong to 属于

17.find out 找出;查出            the end of the day 在一天结束的时候 famous for 因为...而出名               20.the mark of....   .....的印痕

21.leave behind 遗忘;留下                  22.full of feeling 充满感情

23.the importance of money and success 金钱和成功的重要性


1.finish doing sth  完成做某事                 2.arrive at/in sw 到达某地

3.learn to do sth 学习做某事                   4.see sb doing sth 看到某人正在做某事 sb sth 给某人取名为.......                6.teach sb sth 教某人某事

7.use sth to do 用某物做某事           to do/doing sth 喜欢做某事

9.can’t wait to do sth 迫不及待做某事   kind to sb 对某人友好

11.hope to do sth 希望做某事                    12.have time to do sth 有时间做某事

13have nothing to do 没什么事情可做






Unit9 Have you ever been to a museum?


1.have a great time 玩的开心                      2.put up 搭建;支起 such a rapid way 用如此快速的方式   able to do sth 能够做某事

5.a couple of 少数;几个                          6.take a ride 兜风

7.on the other hand 一方面                        8.more than多于;超过

9.three quarters 四分之三                         10.whether...or... 不管...还是...

11.wake up 醒来                                  12.all year round 一年到头,终年

13.close to 靠进                                  


1.a great way to do sth 一个做某事的好方法 sb to do sth 观看某人做了某事

3.It’s un believable that....很难相信......        4.encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人做某事

5. have problem (in)doing sth 做某事很费劲 和...一样    

7.the best time to do sth 做某事的最佳时间    8.choose to do sth 选择做某事

9.tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做某事    



区分:have been to 和have gone to




Unit10 Iv had this bike for three years


1.haw long 多长,多长时间                   2.have a yard sale 举行庭院拍卖会

3.give away 捐赠;赠送                      4.not.....anymore 不再....

5.welcome to ...欢迎到....                      6.check out 察看;观察

7.clear out 收拾,整理              first 起初 longer 不再;不复             for ...至于.....

11.a train and railway set 一套轨道火车 be honest 说实在的 for 寻找                           14.across from 在.....对面

15.according to依据;按照                   16.In one’s opinion 依...看 order to 为了


1.It’s+adj(+for sb)+to do sth (对某人来说)做某事是......

2.decide to do sth 决定做某事

3.have been in+地点 在某处待了多久

5.hope to do sth 希望做某事 of+the +形容词最高级+可数名词复数+V单数  最....的...之一是....

8.used to do sth 过去常常做某事   

9.need to do sth 需要做某事



1.since 和for 引导状语的区别



Borrow-keep   buy-have  catch a cold-have a cold   put on-wear  get to know-know

Get to sleep-sleep  begin/start-be on  go out-be out  get to /arrive/reach-be(in)

Die-be dead   open-be open  leave-be away  finish-be over  fall ill-be ill

Join-be in/be a member of  fall asleep-be asleep  make friends-be friends  

Come/go-be+相应的介词 close-be close  go to bed-be in bed  get up-be up