1. 意为"保存;保留;保持;保守"。如:

Could you keep these letters for me, please? 你能替我保存这些信吗?

I'll keep a seat for you.我给你留个座位。

It can help to keep vegetables, fruit and meat for a long time in hot summer. 在炎热的夏天,它有助于蔬菜、水果和肉类长时间保鲜。

Can you keep a secret? 你能保守秘密吗?

2. 意为"照顾;养活"等。如:

She kept her sister for a week while her sister was ill.她妹妹有病时,她照看她了一个星期。

I have a family to keep.我得养活一家人。

3. 意为"留下;不必还"。如:

You can keep the pen if you like it.你要是喜欢就把钢笔留下吧。

Keep the change.不用找零钱了。

4. 意为"遵守;维护"。如:

Everyone must keep the rules. 人人必须遵守规章制度。

The teacher is keeping order in class.老师正在课堂上维持秩序。

5. 意为"售;卖"。如:

The shop keeps everything you need.那家商店里出售的东西应有尽有。

He keeps everything you will drink.他出售你想喝的各种饮料。

6. 意为"记(日记、帐等)"。如:

She keeps a diary every day.她坚持每天记日记。

He keeps exact accounts of the money he spends and a diary of the events of his holidays.他详细地记载他所花的钱数和假期中所发生的事情。

7. 意为"使……保持某种(状态、位置或动作等)"。这时要在keep的宾语后接补足语,构成复合宾语。其中宾语补足语通常由形容词、副词、介词短语、现在分词和过去分词等充当。如:

We should keep our classroom clean and tidy.(形容词)我们应保持教室整洁干净。

You'd better keep the child away from the fire.(副词)你最好让孩子离火远一点。

The bad weather keeps us inside the house.(介词短语)坏天气使我们不能出门。

Don't keep me waiting for long.(现在分词)别让我等太久。

The other students in the class keep their eyes closed.(过去分词)班上其他同学都闭着眼睛。



You must look after yourself and keep healthy.(形容词)你必须照顾好自己,保持身体健康。

Keep off the grass.(副词)请勿践踏草地。

Traffic in Britain keeps to the left.(介词短语)英国的交通是靠左边行驶的。


She knew she must keep calm.她知道她必须保持镇静。

Please keep silent in class.课堂上请保持安静。


1.keep away意为"(使)离开;(使)不接近",其后常接介词from。如:

Would you keep your dog away from my boy, please? 请把狗拉得离我孩子远点好吗?

Keep everybody away from the accident.人人远离事故!

2.keep back意为"阻止;留在后面"。如:

She sat down quietly, but she couldn't keep

back her tears.她静静地坐下来,却忍不住流下了眼泪。

3.keep together意为"在一起;动作协调"。如:

Keep together, please.请聚在一起。

The eight men kept together during the boat race as though they were one.赛船时,这8个人动作协调,好像一个人似的。

4.keep up意为"持续;使不低落"。如:

The noise kept up all night.噪音整夜持续着。

To keep your strength up, eat well and get enough sleep.为了保持力气,要吃好、睡足。

5.keep up with意为"跟上;和……来往"。如:

I'm trying my best to keep up with the others in class.我正在设法赶上班里的其他人。

Do you still keep up with Tom? 你和汤姆还有联系吗?

6.keep...in mind意为"把……记在心里"。如:

The teacher asked us to keep these sentences in mind.老师要我们把这些句子记在心里。


1.keep doing sth. 意为"继续干某事",表示不间断地持续干某事,keep后不能接不定式或表示静止状态的v-ing形式,而必须接延续性的动词。如:

He kept working all day, because he wanted to finish the work on time.他整天都在不停地工作,因为他想准时完成工作。

Keep passing the ball to each other, and you'll be OK.坚持互相传球,你们就行。

2.keep on doing sth. 意为"持续做某事"。如:

The pupil kept on asking me the same question.这个学生不断地问我同一个问题。

I kept on thinking about the match in the afternoon.我总是想起下午的那场比赛。

3. keep...from doing sth.意为"阻止/防止……做某事"。如:

The heavy snow kept us from going out.大雪使我们不能出去。

Be 的四功能



be为连系动词,中心词义是"是",句型为"主+系+表"结构。be的形式常用am, is, are(现在式);was, were(过去式);will/can/may/must be(助动词/情态动词+原形);have/has/had been(助动词+过去分词)等。如:

To help animals is helping people.(一般现在时)

The twins were very busy yesterday.(一般过去时)

It will be sunny tomorrow.(一般将来时)

She has been ill for over a week.(现在完成时)



1. be+doing:构成进行时态,有现在和过去两种进行时态。如:

The girls is reading and copying the new words now.

Young Tom was always asking questions and trying out new ideas.

2. be+done:构成被动语态(主语是动作的承受者,done必须是及物动词)。如:

Tea is grown in my hometown.(一般现在时的被动语态)

This building was built three years ago.(一般过去时的被动语态)

Our classroom has been cleaned and tidied already.(现在完成时的被动语态)

How could this kind of cakes be made in your home?(含情态动词的被动语态)

That is a day never to be forgotten.(动词不定式的被动语态)

3. be+going to do,表示"打算或将要做某事",be有现在和过去两种形式。如:

We are going to plant trees in the park.

I didn't know if she was going to come here.

4. be+to do,表示"按计划安排将要做某事"。如:

The new shop is not to be opened till next Monday.

One night an angel came to Mary and told her that she was to have this special boy.

功能三,there be

there be句式为:there be+主语部分+状语部分,表示"某处存在某物",be常用现在时,过去时和将来时等。如:

Oh, cool! And there are many things to see. There is even a deer park in Sanya.

There are about 80 pyramids in Egypt.

Will there be a football match in your school next week?



His daughter wants to be a doctor for animals in her twenties.

Kate's birthday party will be at half past six this evening.

Jim has been in China for more than two years, but he has not yet been to Yichang.

there be中考知识点扫描

there be结构作为初中的一个重点句型,在教育部新颁布的《英语课程标准》中,作为简单句的基本句型列入其中,在各地中考试卷中也频频亮相。

考点一:对there be基本理念的考查

1.—What did you see on the desk then?

—There ________ a bottle of orange.


A. was B. were C. has D. had

2. There ________ an English film here tomorrow. [04武汉]

A. has B. is going to be C. will have

3. There used to have few tall buildings around our village. (找错并改正)

A  B  C  D


4.—What’s on the plate?

—There ________ some bread on it.


A. is B. are C. has D. have



①现在时(is / are)、过去时(was / were)、将来时(will be)、完成时(have / has / had been);

②可以与情态动词连用,组成there +情态动词+be的形式,表推测语气;

③可与seem, appear, used to等状态词连用,构成there seems / appears / used to be...;



2.题中有一个表示将来的tomorrow,又因为there be的形式中不能用助动词have,故答案为B。


4.题中some bread为不可数名词,应选A。

考点二:考查there be句型的临近一致性

1. There ________ a pencil on the desk and you may use it. [03北京石景山区]

A. is B. are C. was D. were

2. There ________ two knives in the pencilbox. [03哈尔滨]

A. are B. be C. is D. am

3. There ________ a pair of shoes under the bed. The shoes ________ mine. [04兰州]

A. is;are B. is;is C. are;is D. are;are


be的形式受后面靠近它的主语在人称和数上的制约,必须采取就近原则,与临近的主语保持一致,必须看清楚there后跟的是可数名词,还是不可数名词。还必须注意既有可数名词又有不可数名词的时候,be的形式的临近一致性。如:There is a bag of rice, two baskets of apples and three people under the tree.


1. a pencil为可数名词单数形式,可从A、C中选,又从and you may use it可以得出,选择A。

2.句中有two knives,名词复数,故选A。

3. a pair of修饰可数名词复数时,谓语动词要用单数形式,而shoes是可数名词复数,故答案为A。

考点三:考查there be和have/has表示“有”的含义时的区别

1. There ________ two pictures on the wall.


A. is B. have C. are D. has

2. There ________ a football game in our school next week. [03新疆生产建设兵团]

A. has B. is going to be C. have D. is going to have

3. There________ a football match on TV this evening. [04陕西]

A. will have B. is going to be C. has D. is going to have

4. There is going to have a football match next Friday afternoon.

A    B          C    D



英语中表示“有”的含义时可以用there be句型,也可以用have/has(got)表达,但二者在用法上有根本的区别:

there be句型表示存在,即某处有某物;have/has (got)表示所有、拥有,即某人(物)有……。如:

They have a beautiful home.

I’ve got an idea.

在there be句型中be的形式不能用have/has替代。

答案要点:根据以上分析可得:1. C 2. B 3. B 4. B(应把have改成be)

考点四:考查there be的反意疑问句

1. There is a beautiful clock on the wall, ________? [03桂林]

A. isn’t there B. is there C. isn’t it D. doesn’t it

2. There is little milk in the bottle, ________? [03广东]

A. isn’t it B. is it C. isn’t there D. is there

3. There was no time for the twins to go shopping, ________ ________?(完成反意疑问句) [03哈尔滨]


there be句型的反意疑问句必须用there进行反问,这时需要注意的是there be句型中是否有seldom, hardly, little, few, no, nothing, nobody之类的否定词或半否定词,若有,则该部分应看成是否定的,反意疑问部分必须用肯定式。如果there be中带有否定的前缀的词,则该部分应看成肯定式,反意疑问部分仍要用否定形式。如: There was an unusual bike under the tree, wasn’t there?

答案要点:根据扫描4可得,1. A 2. D 3. was there