Uint1 How can we become good learners

重点短语 with friends 和朋友一起学习 2.listen to tapes 听磁带 for a test 备考 4.have conversations with 与……交谈

5.speaking skills 口语技巧 6.a little 有点儿 first 起初 起先 8.the secret to......, .......的秘诀

9.because of 因为 well 也

11.look up (在词典中等)查阅;抬头看 that 以便,为了

13.the meaning of ……的意思 14.make mistakes 犯错误 to 交谈 16.depend on 依靠 依赖 common 共有的 attention to 注意 关注

19.connect ……with ……把……联系。 20.for example 例如

21.think about 考虑 22.even if 即使 尽管 纵容

23.look for 寻找 24.worry about 担心 担忧

25.make word cards 制作单词卡片 26.ask the teacher for help 向老师求助 aloud 大声读 28.spoken english 英语口语

29.give a report 作报告 30.word by word 一字一字地……that 如此……以至于 32.fall in love with 爱上

33.something interesting 有趣的事情 34.take notes 记笔记 often 多久一次 36.a lot of 许多

37.the ability to do sth. 做某事的能力 38.learning habits 学习习惯 interested in 对……感兴趣 40.get bored 感到无聊 good at 在……方面擅长 afraid of 害怕

43.each other 彼此 互相 44.instead of 代替 而不是

二用法集萃 doing sth 通过做某事 +be+adj+to do sth 做某事是……的

3.finish doing sth 完成某事 4.what about doing sth?做某事怎么样?

5.try to do sth 尽力做某事 6.the +比较近,the+比较近 越……,就越……

7.find it+adj+to do sth 发现做某事 afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事 sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事 10.practice doing sth 练习做某事

11.keep doing sth 一直做某事 afraid to do sth 害怕做某事

13.begin to do sth 开始做某事 14.want to do sth 想要做某事

15.need to do sth 需要做某事 16.remember to do sth 记得做某事

17.shoot 射(射着,射死等表结果) 18.shoot at( 瞄准) 射


考点1介词by +doing sth.----划线提问用how

①by reading the textbook;by asking the teacher for help

②How can I learn English well?---By reading every morning.


1)by+交通工具,“乘/坐...”by bus乘公共汽车

2)by+地点,“在...的旁边;靠近...”by the lake在湖边

3)by+时间,“截止到...;不迟于...” by ten十点前


by the way 顺便问一下 by accident= by chance 偶然地

by mistake 错误地 one by one 一个接一个 step by step 一步一步地

little by little 逐渐地by the time 到……为止 by oneself 独自地

by hand 用手 by the end of 到….... 末尾

go/pass by 通过;经过 by and by 不久以后

⑤by与with, in 的区别:

◆with 的用法:表示用某种工具

(1) with +工具 We like to write with a pen.

(2)with+人体部位 We see with our eyes.

◆in 的用法:通常与“衣着、声音、书写材料”等名称连用

in+语言 in English 用英语 in ink 用墨水

speak in a loud voice大声地讲 in red 穿红色的衣服

by 侧重“用”某种手段、交通工具、传递方式或媒介等

with 侧重“用”有形工具、材料、内容等

in 侧重“用”语言、语调、笔墨、颜色等

考点2 find的用法及搭配

find it +形容词+to do sth 发现干什么是怎么样的(真正宾语)

It is +形容词+to do sth .干什么是怎么样的。 (真正主语)





⑤find that从句(作宾语)

⑥find+it(形式宾语)+形容词+for sb +to do sth(作真正宾语)

⑦find out查清楚,弄明白; lost and found 失物招领

I find Tom clever.

I found a little boy crying at the street corner last night.

I find him to be honest.

I found him out when I called him.

I found that he was very brave.

I find it difficult (for Lily) to learn math well. =I find that it is difficult for Lily to learn math well.


It is + difficult/ hard / easy / important / necessary + for sb to do sth. 干某事对某人来说是怎么样的。

It is + kind / good / nice / clever of sb to do sth.

find / feel / think+ it + 形容词+ to do sth.发现、感到、认为干……是怎么样的

It is useful for you to learn English well.

It’s very kind of you to help me.

考点3 What about = How about +名词/宾格代词+doing?


①What about doing sth ?=How about doing sth? ….怎么样?

②Why don’t you do sth?= Why not do sth? 为什么不呢?

③Let’s do sth.让我们一起做某事吧。

④Shall we/I do sth?我们做…好吗?

⑤had better do/not do sth 最好做/不做某事

⑥Will/Would you please do sth 请你做…好吗?

⑦Would you like to do sth? 你想去做某事吗?

⑧Would you mind doing sth?你介意做某事吗?


(1). 同意对方的建议时,一般用:

◆ Good idea./ That’s a good idea. 好主意

◆ OK/ All right./ Great 好/ 行/太好了

◆ Yes, please ./ I’d love to 是的/ 我愿意

◆ I agree with you 我同意你的看法

◆ No problem 没问题 ◆ Sure/ Of course/ Certainly 当然可以

◆ Yes, I think so 对,我也这样想


◆ I don’t think so 我认为不是这样 ◆ Sorry, I can’t 对不起,我不能

◆ I’d love to, but… ◆ I’m afraid…我愿意,但恐怕……

考点4 单元中的状语从句

☆so/ such…that 引导的结果状语从句句型有:

①so +形容词/副词+that 从句

②so+形容词+ a / an +单数名词+that 从句=

③such+ a / an + (形容词)+单数名词+that 从句

④such + (形容词)+复数名词 / 不可数名词 + that从句

She is so lovely a girl that we love her very much.=

She is such a lovely girly that we love her very much.


㊣当名词前有many ,much, few, little修饰时,用so而不用such

所以有so many /few+复数名词;so much/little +不可数名词

㊣so…that 句型的否定形式可用too…to do sth或not…enough to do sth 化成简单句

He is so young that he can’t go to school.=He is too young to go to school.=

He is not old enough to go to school.他太小而不能上学。

so that引导的目的状语从句

①so that =in order that +主语+may/ might/can/could/ will/would+动词原形+其他

He must get up early so that he can catch the early bus.

②当主从句主语一致时,可用so as to /in order to do sth转换同义句 注意:so as to 不用于句首=He must get up early in order to catch the early bus.

☆although/though , even if /even though , no matter+特殊疑问词=特殊疑问词+ever 引导的让步状语从句

①让步状语从句 从句可放在句首,也可置于句末。although= though 不能与but连用,“尽管,虽然”

Although / Though his father is very old, he is quite strong. =His father is very old, but he is quite strong.

②even if =even though “即使”也不能与but连用。

Even if you say so , I do not believe it.

☆no matter 不论, 无论 后接特殊疑问词how / when / where /which/who /what= 特殊疑问词+ ever 表示 “无论怎样 / 何时/哪里/哪个/谁/什么”引导让步状语从句。

whatever= no matter what 无论什么(理解疑问代词/副词)

whoever=no matter who 无论谁 however=no matter how无论如何

wherever=no matter where无论哪里 whenever=no matter when无论何时

Wherever you go , I will go with you. = No matter you go,…


①Even if you learn something well, you will forget it unless you use it.

②If they need to learn English and they like music or sports, they can listen to English songs or watch sports programs in English .

1.特殊疑问词+to do .---how to increase my reading speed. born with the ability to learn 天生具有的学习能力

3.the best way to do sth= the best way of doing sth 做某事最好的方法

4.the secret to +名词 …的秘诀 attention to +名词/ doing 注意什么/干什么

6. make a difference to …对……有影响 used to doing 习惯于干什么

8. make a contribution to 对……有贡献

9.look forward to doing 期望干什么


practice doing sth 练习干某事 keep doing sth 一直干某事

miss doing sth 思念干某事 mind doing sth 介意干某事

enjoy doing sth 喜欢干某事 finish doing sth 完成某事

feel like doing sth 想要干某事 be busy doing sth 忙于干某事

can’t help doing sth 情不自禁地干某事

have fun doing sth 在干某事方面玩的愉快

have trouble (in) doing sth 在干某事方面有困难

give up doing sth 放弃干某事 put off doing sth 推迟,延期干某事

by doing sth ; be afraid of doing ; make a mistake in doing ;




盼望(look forward to)习惯(be used to)却完毕(finish),

想要(feel like )花费(spend)去练习(practice),

忍不住(can’t help)还介意(mind)



①看电视、看比赛、看表演用watch; watch TV 看电视

②看书、看报、看杂志用read read the book看书

③看电影、看医生用see, see a movie see the doctor 看医生

④看黑板、看地图用look at look at the blackboard 看黑板


①look up 查找(跟代词作宾语,代词放中间)

②look after =take care of

③look like 看起来像 =be like=be similar to

④look out 当心,小心=be careful

⑤look through 浏览 ⑥look for 寻找 ⑦look forward to 期待

⑧look around 向四周看=look about

⑨have/ take a look 看一看 ⑩look over 仔细检查

⑶ speak/talk/say/tell 四说区分:

1.说某种语言用speak, speak English 说英语

②与某人交谈用talk, talk with sb.= talk to sb.= speak to 与某人交谈

③强调说话内容用say, say it in English 用英语说

④告诉某人用tell, tell sb. to do sth 告诉某人做某事

⑷think 短语区分:

think about 想起,考虑think over 仔细考虑

think of 想到,认为what…think of =how …like /feel about

think up 想出来 =come up with想出,提出


try on 试穿

try to do sth 努力做某事 【侧重尽力做】

try doing sth 试图做某事 【侧重尝试做】

try one’s best to do sth= do one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大努力做某事

have a try 试一试


come from 来自=be from come back 回来

come out 出来,主考【出版,发行】无被动结构

come on 加油,快点 come in 进来

come over to sp顺便来访某地—drop in on sb顺便拜访某人=drop by sb

come true 实现 (主语常是梦想) come up with 想出


人做主语,sb. need to do sth 某人需要做某事

物做主语,sth need doing sth= sth need to be done


◆needn’t = don’t have to 没有必要

◆need ,must 引导的一般疑问句,肯定会的用must,否定回答用need 用 may not; must用needn’t. — MustI go there now? Yes,you must / No, you needn’t

Need I go home now? Yes, you must. / No, you may not.


◆A friend in need is a friend in deed.患难朋友才是真朋友


◆There is no need to do sth. =It is unnecessary to do sth.没有必要做某事

◆There is no need doing sth .干什么没必要。

⑻join / join in / take part in区分:

① join=be a member of 参加 ,指加入某种组织,并成为其中的一员。

join the army / party 入伍/ 党 join the club 加入俱乐部

②join in 后接活动名称

③join sb. 加入到某个人群之中

④take part in 参加 ,指加入群体活动中并在活动中发挥重要作用。


mistake →mistook → mistaken v 错误

make mistakes 出错

make mistakes in 在某方面放错

mistake …for… 把…误认为…

by mistake 错误地


①learn→learned/learnt→learned/learnt v 学习---learner初学者

②learn about 了解

③learn from sb. 向某人学习

④learn to do sth 学着做某事

⑤learn …by oneself= teach oneself 自学


①call sb.=telephone sb. =phone sb. =give sb. a call =ring sb. up 给某人打电话

②call on sb. 拜访某人

③called=named 叫做(作后置定语) a boy called Tom

with the name of= called = named 名叫……

◆A girl called / named Lily called me last night.

后置定语 谓语动词



speak→ spoke → spoken v 说

spoken English 英语口语 written English 书面英语

speaking skills /practice口语技巧/口语练习

an English-speaking country 一个说英语的国家


spoken 口语的 broken 坏掉的 written 写作的

⒁aloud / loud/ loudly区分:

①aloud adv,“大声地;出声地”,多指使别人听到的意味,常与read连用

②loud adj、adv。作adv时,“高声地;响亮地;大声地”,常放于speak、talk、laugh、sing之后,多用比较级


Reading aloud is different from reading loudly.朗读课文与大声地读课文是有区别的。

◆Don’t talk so loud.不要那么高声的谈话。

◆in a loud voice 高声地

⒂ . 辨析invent; find; find out; discover 的区别:指“发现”原本存在但一直不为人知的东西



Who invented the telephone?


We've found oil under the South Sea.

find out指经过研究或询问查明某事或真相。I've found you out at last.


Recently they have discovered a comet.


I've tried to find another copy but couldn't find one.

3.create指有目的地把原材料制成新产品,也指创造出原来不存在的或与众不同的事物。Man creates himself.

⒃interesting & interest

be interested in对……感兴趣

该短语后接动词-ing形式、名词或代词,其主语必须是人或其他有生命的东西。它相当于show/take/have/feel (an) interest in,其中interest为名词,意为“兴趣”。其中be可换用get或become以强调由不感兴趣到感兴趣。

She’s interested in collecting shells. =She shows an interest in collecting shells.



The story is very interesting.



They're all places of great interest in China.

interest 为可数名词

Creating an interest in what they learn

人 + be interested in 对……感兴趣【形容词】

物 + be interesting 某物令某人感兴趣【形容词】

物 + interest(s) sb 使某人感兴趣【动词】

人 + take an interest in 对……产生兴趣【名词】

人 + show an interest in 表现出对……的兴趣【名词】

an interesting film / man

Tom is interested in this film. Tom =This film is very interesting.

=This film interests Tom. =Tom takes an interest in this film. Tom

=Tom shows an interest in this film. Tom

=This is an interesting film.

⒅the + 比较级, the + 比较级。越……就越……

◆ The more you read, the faster you’ll be.

◆ The more , the better. 多多益善。

比较级+and+比较级 越来越……

◆Our hometown is becoming more and more beautifu.我们的家乡变得越来越美丽。

◆It’s getting warmer and warmer in spring.春天,天气变得越来越暖和。

⒆四“也”的区分:also, too, as well, either



③as well一般不用否定句,通常放在句末强调时可放在句中。



注重拼写pronunciation发音 (名词)--pronounce(动词)

兼类词 patience耐心(名词)---patient(1)有耐心的(形容词)


be patient with sb 对某人有耐心 be patient of 忍耐某事

The doctor should be patient with the patients.医生应当对病人有耐心。

understand理解(动词)---understanding 认识,了解(名词);宽容的,善解人意的(形容词)


active 积极的,有活力的(形容词)take an active part in积极参加……

connect连接---connect to / with…把……和……连接



Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧 Use it or lose it. 非用即失。

Knowledge comes from questioning.知识源自质疑。

It’s a piece of cake. 小菜一碟。 It serves you right.活该,自作自受。

The more , the better. 多多益善。 It’s never too old to learn. 活到老学到老。

考点9Whether or not引导的主语从句和宾语从句。

whether or not you can do this well depends on your learning habits. 你是否能做好这件事取决于你的学习习惯。

①此句中whether or not you can do it well是个从句,用作整个句子的主语。这种从句叫作“主语从句”

②whether or not是英语从句的一个连词结构,意思和功能相当于whether, 表示“是否”,常出现在宾语从句,主语从句中。使用时,也可把whether和or not分开,or not放到句尾。

I can’t tell whether or not the teacher likes me.

也可以写成: I can’t tell whether the teacher likes me or not.


考点11 some time /sometime/some times/sometimes

口诀:分开是一段,相连某时;分开s 是倍次,相连s是有时

①some time一段时间,做时间状语

②sometime adv 在(将来的)某个时候

③some times 名词词组,“几次,几倍”

Mr. Green went to Sanya some times last summer.

④sometimes=at times 有时 (一般现在时的标志词)

I do that sometimes . I think it helps.

Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious!


1.put on 增加(体重)发胖 about 关心 在乎

3.end up 最终成为, 最后处于 4.not only ……but also……不但……而且…… 5.shoot down 射下 6.used to do 过去常常做……

7.remind sb. of 使某人想起 8.give out 分发 发放

9.the water festival 泼水节 10.the Chinese spring festival 中国春节 year 明年 12.sound like 听起来像

13.each other 互相 彼此 the shape of 以……的形状

15.on mid-autumn night 在中秋之夜 up to 飞向

17.lay out 摆开 布置 18.come back 回来 a result 结果 因此 20.mother’s day 母亲节

21.more and more popular 越来越受欢迎 22.think of 想起 认为 思考

23.dress up 装扮 穿上盛装 24.the importance of ……的重要性

25.make money 挣钱 need 需要帮助 处于困境中

27.between ……and…… 在……和……之间 28.the dragon boat festival 龙舟节

29.the lantern festival 元宵节 best 最喜欢

31.go to ……for a vacation 去……度假 similar to 与……相似

33.wash away 冲走 洗掉 34.mid-autumn festival 中秋节

35.shoot down 射下 out 大声呼喊

37.the tradition of ……的传统 night 在夜里 在晚上……,the other……一个……,另一个… 40.Father’s day 父亲节

41.have to 必须 不得不 a trick on sb 捉弄某人

43.the spirit of ……的精神 about 关心

46.the beginning of ……的开始 4. in two weeks 两周后

1. watch the races 观看比赛 2. five meals a day 一天五顿饭

5. sound like fun 听起来很有趣 6. be similar to 与…相似

7. from …to… 从…到…13. in the shape of …. 呈…形状

8. throw water at each other 互相朝对方泼水

9. wash away bad things 冲走坏事 10. have good luck 交好运

11. has/have been celebrating 一直庆祝12. fpr centuries 数个世纪

14 many traditional folk stories 许多传统的民间故事

15. the most touching 最感人的 16 shoot down nine suns 舍下九个太阳

18. try to steal the medicine 企图偷药

21. call out her name 呼唤她的名字 22. so…that … 如此…以至

23. lay out her favourite fruits and desserts 摆放她最喜欢的水果和甜点

24. the tradition of admiring the moon 赏月的传统

26. on the third Sunday of June 在六月的第三个周日

27. take them out for lunch 带他们出去吃午餐

29. help sb. do/to do /with sth. 帮助某人做某事

30. dress up as ghosts 装扮成鬼31. play a trick on sb. 捉弄某人

32. give sb a treat 款待某人 33. treat sb.nicely 对待某人友好

34. treat sb.with kindness and warmth 用善心和热情对待…

35. on October 31st 在10月31 日 36. think of 想起

37. the true meaning of Christmas圣诞节的真正意义

38. the importance of sharing 分享的重要性

39. a novel written by LuXun 一篇鲁迅写的小说

40. think about himself 考虑自己41. care about 在乎,关心

42. warn sb. (not) to do 告诫某人(不)去做某事。

43. expect (sb ).to do 期待(某人)干某事

45. wake (sb.) up 醒来,叫醒某人

46. decide to do =make a decision to do 决定做某事

48. give gifts to people in need 给需要帮助的送礼物

49. many western countries 许多西方国家

50. the beginning of new life 新生命的开始

51. end up with 以…结束 54. on Christmas Eve 在圣诞前夕

55. haunted house 鬼屋56. make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

57. spread love and joy 传播爱与欢乐 58. his business partner 他的生意伙伴时间段 在……后 3.give sb. sth. 给某人某物

4.plan to do sth 计划做某事 5.refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事 of +名词复数形式……之一 +is+名词+动词不定式(to do sth)做某事是…

8.what …think of…?认为…怎么样?14.promise to do sth 承诺、答应做某事

9.make sb do sth 让某人做某事 12.tell sb(not)to do sth 告诉某人做某事



一.连词 a.陈述语序(that) b.一般疑问句(if 或whether) c.特殊疑问句


三.时态 主过从过,主现从任,从真从现

注意:当主句谓语动词是 think, believe, suppose, expect 等词,而宾语从句的意思是否定时,常把否定转移至主句表示。

I don’t think it is right for him to treat you like that.

注意:由whether,if 引导的宾语从句意思是“是否”。

I wonder whether(if) they will come to our party.

注意:当宾语从句表示的是一个客观真理或者事实时,即使主句是过去时,从句也用一般现在时态。The teacher told us that light travels faster than sound.


How+adj. /adv. + 主 + 谓! What (a/an)+名+ 主 + 谓!

例:What an interesting story it is! How tall Yao Ming is!

Be going to···将要/打算···

In+时间段 在···后 Give sb sth 给某人某物

Plan to do sth 计划做某事 Refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事

One of +名词复数形式···之一

It +is+名词+动词不定式(to do sth)做某事是

What ···think of···?···认为···怎么样?

Make sb do sth 让某人做某事 Used to be 过去是···

Warn sb (not) to do sth 告诫某人做某事

Tell sb (not)to do sth 告诉某人做某事


Unit 3



1.a pair of 一对,一双,一副 2.between A and B在a和b之间

3.on one’s / the way to 在去……的路上 4.pardon me 什么,请再说一遍

5.pass by 路过 经过 6.look forward to 盼望 期待

7.excuse me 打扰了 请原谅 8.get some magazines 得到一些杂志

9.get some information about 获取有关……的一些信息

10.turn left ight 向左向右 转11.go past 经过 路过 12.a little earlier 早一点儿

13.a good place to eat 一个吃饭的好地方 different situation 在不同的情况下

15.on time 准时 按时 16.get to 到达

17.have dinner 吃晚餐 18.on one’s / he right在右边

19.come on 快点 请过来 20.the shopping center 购物中心

21.the corner of....... 的角落/拐角处 22.lead into 导入 引入


1.not ……· until……直到……猜…… You never know until you try something.

2.let’s do sth 咱们做某事吧! 3.spend time doing sth 话费时间做某事

4.thank sb for doing sth 为做某事而感谢某 5.would lik to do sth 想要做某事

6.look forward to doing sth 盼望做某事

7. It seems (that)… It seems a rock band plays there every evening.

8. Could you please tell me... ? Could you please tell me how to get to the post office?

9.take的用法 ① take some food take some medicine (=have吃,喝) ② take notes做笔记 ③ take one’s temperature ( 测量 )

④ It takes sb some time/money to do something ( 花费,需要 )

⑤ I’ll take this coat.(=buy购买)⑦take a train to Chongqing ( 乘坐 )

⑥ take somebody / something to (带领,拿去,取 )⑧ take off( 脱下)

turn 的用法

turn to page 80 翻到 It is your turn.轮到你了at the turning 在转弯处

turn on/ off/ up/ down 关 turn right/ left at the first turning /crossing

1. beside 介词, 在……旁边=next to

2.go past = pass v. 路过 I pass a market when I go home .

3.between prep. 在……之间 ,用于两者

between… and …在……和……之间,前后可以是两个不同的人,物及时间

among prep.在……之间 ,用于三者或三者以上

Don’t eat snacks between meals . 正餐之间不要吃零食。

They live among the mountains . 他们住在群山之间。

4.pardon ,pardon me 主要用于没听清对方说话时,恳请对方再说一遍。

Excuse me 主要用于吸引别人的注意,有“麻烦, 打扰”之意。用于事前。

Sorry 对不起,主要用于做错事后道歉用的。

5. prefer 动词,更喜欢、宁愿。 常用的结构有:

①prefer sth. 更喜欢某事 I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。

②prefer doing/ to do 宁愿做某事 I prefer sitting/ to sit.我宁愿坐着。

③prefer sth to sth. 同…相比更喜欢…... I prefer dogs to cats. 与猫相比我更喜欢狗。

④prefer doing to doing I prefer walking to sitting.

⑤prefer to do rather than do I prefer to work rather than be free.

6. I'm sorry to do sth. 对做某事我觉得很抱歉、伤心。


1)Excuse me , 劳驾

①where is ……? ……在哪?

②how can I get to ……?我怎样去……?

③which is the way to ……?去……是哪一条路?

④can you tell me the way to the …please ?你能告诉我去……的路吗?

⑤could you tell me how to get to the …please ?你能告诉我怎样去…吗?

⑥can you tell me how I can get to the …please ?你能告诉我怎样去…吗?

⑦can you tell me where the nearest… is ?你能告诉我最近的…在哪吗?

2). How far is it ? 有多远? Is it far from here ? 离这儿远吗?

3). Which bus should I take ? Which number do I need ?我该乘几路车/


1). Walk / Go along / down the road /the street

Walk / Go along /down the road /the street to the end .

Go across the bridge .

2. Turn left / right at the second crossing .

Take the first turning on the left / right .

3. It’s about four hundred meters along on the left / right .大约在前方400米左右。

It’s about 10 minutes’ walk .= It’s about 10 minutes on foot

It’s about 4 kilometers away .


You’d better take No.3 bus 你最好乘3 路车。

Take the No3. bus and it will take you straight there .乘三路公共汽车,会把你直接带到那儿。

The No.72 bus will take you there .72路公共汽车会带你到那。


It’s over there /on the left / right . 在那边 / 在左边 / 在右边

It’s next to / in front of / behind / outside the …

It’s at the end of the street .

It’s between …and …

At the end of the road you’ll see the …


music n. 音乐 musical adj. 音乐的

medicine n. 药 medical adj. 药的

tradition n. 传统 traditional adj. 传统的

education n. 教育 educational adj. 教育的

environment n. 环境 environmental adj. 自然环境的

internation 国际 international adj. 国际的

history n. 历史historical 历史的

center n .中心,中央.central 中心的

1. suggest v. 建议, 提议 →n. suggestion (c)n.

suggest sth. (to sb.) )( 向某人)建议某事

suggest doing sth . 建议做某事

2. until conj. 直到……为止 , 主句动词必须是延续动词。

not …until …直到……才……主句动词可以是延续动词,也可是暂短性动词。

Let’s wait until the rain stops. 咱们等到雨停吧。

I didn’t go to bed until my father came back .

考点12 –ed 与-ing式形容词区分

以—ing结尾的adj. 常用来作表语,修饰物。



interesting 有趣的 interested 感兴趣的

exciting 令人兴奋的 excited 兴奋的,激动的

surprising 令人惊奇的 surprised 惊奇的

boring 无聊的, bored 感到无聊的

relaxing 令人放松的 relaxed 放松的

amazing 令人惊奇的 amazed 惊奇的

disappointing 令人失望的 disappointed 失望的

fascinating 迷人的,有吸引力的fascinted 入迷的,

3. pass by = go past =pass 路过


1. fascinate v. 使迷人 →adj. fascinted 入迷的fascinating 迷人的,有吸引力的

2. expensive adj. 昂贵的→ opp. inexpensive 不贵的

3. crowd v. 拥挤→ crowded adj. 拥挤的→uncrowded 不拥挤的 ,宽敞的

4.polite adj. 礼貌的→adv. politely 礼貌地→opp. impolite 不礼貌的 adj. 直接的 →adv. directly 直接地 → n. direction 方向

6.speak v. → n. speaker 发言者 7. who 主格宾格 whom

7.Italy n. 意大利→ Italian 意大利的 ,意大利人的

2.convenient adj. 便利的, 方便的

It’s convenient for sb. to do sth. 做某事对于某人来说是很方便的。


It’s convenient (travel)by bus in Shanghai .

主语 句 型

it It takes sb. + 时间 + to do sth.

人spend + 金钱 / 时间 + on sth

(in) doing sth

pay 人 人 pay + 钱数 for sth.

人 pay for sth.

cost 物 物 cost + 钱数 (vi.)

物 cost + sb. + 钱数 (vt.)


1. introduce oneself 自我介绍 2. ask for 要 , 要求3.look forward to(介词) 期盼, 期望 4.wake up 醒来,叫醒 a rush 匆忙地


1.happen vi. 发生sth. happen to sb. 某人出了某事。

What happened to you ? 你怎么了?

A car accident happened to her this morning . 今天上午她发生了车祸

happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事

I happened to meetmy friend in the street .

Sth + happen + 时间/ 地点 某时/某地发生了什么事

The story happened in 2003.

2.Thank you for sth ./ doing sth .

Thank you for your letter .Thank you for helping me .

3. meet sb. for the first time . 第一次遇见某人。

4.polite adj 有礼貌的 be polite to 对……有礼貌

be polite to do sth .

It’s polite to say hello to the teacher in the morning .

5.look forward to 期待, 期望 to 为介词 。

I’m looking forward to seeing my parents soon . What about you ?

Unit 4 I used to be afraid of the dark.


1.used to do 过去常常做 with 对付 应付 proud of 为……骄傲 ,感到自豪 4.take pride in 为……感到自豪

5.from time to time 时常,有时 public 公开地 person 亲身,亲自 8.take up sth 开始做,接受,占用

9.not……anymore 不再 10.worry about 为……担忧

11.hang out 闲逛 12.think about 考虑 alone 独处 14.on the soccer team 在足球队 longer 不再 16.make a decision 做决 定 one’s surprise 令某人吃惊的是 18.even though 尽管 attention to 对……注意,留心 the last few years 在过去的几年里 afraid of 害怕 22.turn red 变红

23.tons of attention 很多关注 careful 当心

25.give up 放弃 26.a very small number of …极少数的……

27.give a speech 作演讲 28.all the time 一直 总是 interested in 对……感兴趣 30.change one’s life 改变某人的生活

31.take care of 照顾 of……,……之一

4. get good scores 取得好的分数6. get tons of attention 得到大量的关注

7. read books on European history 阅读有关欧洲历史的书

8. African culture 非洲文化 9. be alone独处

10. give a speech in public 作一个公开演讲11. paint pictures 画画

12. be nervous about tests 对考试感到紧张

13. influence his way of thinking 影响他的思维方式

15. be absent from classes逃课 16. fail the examinations考试不及格

17. make a decision 下决心18. talk with sb in person 亲自找某人谈话

20. feel good about oneself 对自己充满信心

21. a general self-introduction一个简要的自我介绍

22. in the last few years 在最近几年 23. remain silent 保持沉默

24. have a great influence on sb 对某人有很大的影响


1.used to do sth 过去常常做某 afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事

3.have to do sth 必须做某事 4.make sb do sth 让某人做某事

5.give up doing sth 放弃做什么 6.try to do sth 尽力做某事

7.adj+ enough to do sth 足够…而能够做某事 prepared to do sth 准备做某事

9.see sb doing sth 看见某人在做某事 10.begin to so sth 开始做某事

11require sb to do sth 要求某人做某事 12.decide to do 决定做某事

13.make a decision to do sth 决定做某事 14.It’s hard to believe that …很难相信……

15.It +has+been +一段时间+ since+从句 自从……以来已经有很多 长时间了

16.dare to do sth 敢于做某事 17.It’s adj+ for sb+ to do sth对某人来说做某

18.take up doing sth 开始做某事


1. 辨析:

used to do sth. 过去常常做…

get/be used to sth./doing sth. 习惯于…

be used to do  被用于做…(被动语态)

be used by 由(被)…使用(被动语态)

be used as … 被当做…使用(被动语态)

be used for doing 被用于做…(被动语态)

1.Mario, you used to be short, didn’t you? 马里奥,你过去很矮,对吗?

used to do sth 意为“过去常常做某事”,特指在过去经常发生的动作,而现在已不再发生,其中used to 可以看作情态动词,用于各种人称。

He used to play soccer when he was young. 他年轻时经常踢足球。(现在不踢了)

1.其否定句为didn’t use to do或used not to do,used not可缩写为usedn’t。

Mr. Li didn’t use to drink beer. =Mr. Li usedn’t to drink beer.

2.used to 的疑问句形式是“Did…use to do?”或“Used…to do”。

Did she use to get up early?=Used he to get up early?

3.used to 的反意疑问句也用助动词did(n’t)或used(n’t)构成。

Mario used to be late for school, didn’t/usedn’t he?

be used to do sth & be used to doing sth. used to do sth


Wood can be used to make desks. used to doing sth意为“习惯于做某事”,其中to是介词,后须接名词或动词-ing形式。I was used to the hard life here.

2. be used for 用来做……for是介词,表示用途,后接名词或动词-ing形式。

An orange is used for medicine.A pen is used for writing.

be used as& be used by used as 意为“被用作……”,介词as表示“作为”,其后一般接名词,强调使用的工具及手段。

English is used as the second language in many countries. used by 意为“被……使用”,介词by后面接动作的执行者(宾语)。

English is used by travelers and business people all over the world.

2.What did his friends used to look like? 他的朋友过去长得什么样子?

What does sb look like? 只用来询问某人的外貌长相,相当于What is sb like?, like在句中作介词,意为“像”。

—What does Tom look like? (=What is Tom like?)

What is sb/ sth like?& What does sb like?

1. What is sb/ sth like?

What is sb like? 还可用来询问某人的品质。What is sth. like?用来询问事物的性质,特别是用来谈论天气状况, like在句中作介词,意为“像”。

—What is Lily like? —She’s a very nice girl.

—What’s the weather like?—Very fine.。

—What’s this book like?—Very interesting

2.What does sb like?该句型用来询问某人“喜欢什么”,like为动词“喜欢”。

1. dare敢于;胆敢;可以作实义动词,也可以作情态动词。

(1)实义动词dare后面接动词不定式to do

I dare to swim across the river I don't dare to say that.

Do you dare to go with me?(肯定回答:Yes, I do. 否定回答:No, I don't.)


I daren't say that.

Dare you go with me?(肯定回答:Yes, I dare. 否定回答:No, I dare not.)

注意:dare作情态动词时主要用于疑问句,否定句和条件从句中,不用于肯定句(只有一个例外—I dare say,但那是一个固定短语,意思是“我相信, 可能, 我想是这样”)。


【例句】I don't dare say that.Do you dare go with me?

2. give up 放弃

后接动词-ing形式或名词,但不能接动词不定式。后接代词作宾语时,代词应放在give和up之间。You should give up smoking.

give in 屈服,让步;give back归还;give away分发,赠送;

give sb a hand 帮某人的忙

take up: 开始从事 Jack took up running for exercise to lose weight this month

take up 的用法

(1) 占,占地方 That big table takes up too much room.

(2) 开始从事 We took up physical chemistry at college. 。

(3) 讨论 discuss We will take the next lesson up tomorrow.

(4) 从事;经手 The teacher took up the lesson where she stopped.

(5) 让乘客上车;接纳

② deal with “对付”、“应付”

The young woman teacher didn’t know how to deal with the noisy class.

deal with 与do with

1 . do with常与连接代词 what 连用,而 deal with 常与连接副词 how 连用

I don’t know how they deal with the problem . = I don‘t know what they do with the problem . 我不知道他们如何处理这个问题。

2. 这两个词组在使用时有细微的差别。一般地说,do侧重对象 ,deal侧重方式方法;do with 表示“处置”、“忍受”、“相处”、“有关”等。deal with 意义很广,常表示、“处理”、“安排”、“论述”、“涉及”等。

3.all the time一直;总是相当于always。

I have been busy all the time. 我一直很忙。


in time及时on time 按时for the first time 第一次at the same time 同时

have a good time 过得愉快;玩得开心at times (=sometimes) 有时



1. cause (v.)造成;使发生


What cause his illness?

(2)后接双宾语,即cause sb sth,意为“给某人带来……”。

I’m afraid I’m going to cause you much trouble.

(3) 后接动词不定式作宾补,即cause sb/sth to do sth,意为“促使某人做某事”。

Success causes him to work hard.

cause 作名词

cause 作名词时,意为“原因”,近义词为reason。表示“……的原因”常用the cause of 或the reason for。

What was the cause of the accident?

2. waste (v.)浪费;滥用

作动词,表示浪费时间、精力、财力和物力等,常接名词作宾语。另外waste还可用于waste sth on sth/sb和waste sth (in) doing sth结构。

【解析】 watching 2.not to waste

4. no longer 不再;已不

I go there no longer.

not…any longer & not any more

1.not…any longer

意为“不再”,常可与no longer 替换,多指过去持续的动作或存在的状态现在已不能再继续下去,侧重指时间上不再延长。

I can’t wait for you any longer.=I can’t no longer wait for you. 我不能再等到你了。

2.not…any more

也意为“不再”,可与no more替换,多指再也不重复过去反复做或发生的具体动作。

The baby didn’t cry any more.=The baby no more cried.

【解析】doesn’t live, any longer。

5. take pride in 对……感到自豪

在此短语中,pride 为名词,意为“骄傲”。另外be proud of 也意为“为……感到自豪”,但proud是形容词。同时我们要注意这两个短语中的介词不同。

6.“one of+复数名词或代词”

“one of+复数名词或代词”意为“……中的一个”,作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

One of the brothers is a scientist. 那些兄弟中有一位是科学家。

unit5 What are the shirts made of ?

一短语归纳 known for 以...闻名 used for 被用于... matter 不论;无论 covered with 用...覆盖 far as I know 据我所知 hand 用手 good for 对……有益 10.on the last friday of each month最后一个星期五 good at 擅长 12.make high-technology products 制造高科技产品

13.the earth’s surface 地球表面 14.many different kinds of 许多不同种类的 a kite 放风筝 16.such as 例如

17.according to 根据 按照 18.ask for help 请求帮助

19.a symbol of ……的象征 20.put……on…… 把……放在……上 used for 被用于做…… 22.good luck 好运 a very high heat 在高温下 made in 在……制造的 famous for 以……著名 26.on the sides of mountains 在山腰上

27.traffic accident 交通事故 28.a kite festival 风筝节 from 来自 30.turn ……into ……把……变成……

31.send out 放出 trouble 处于困境中

33.rise into 上升 上涨 34.paper cutting 剪纸 used by 被……使用 36.during the spring festival 在春节期间 lanterns 孔明灯 38.all over the world 全世界

1. find out 弄清楚, 查明 2. go on vacation (to)去度假


It seems that +从句 “好像……” sb.sth.=buy sth for sb 给某人买某物

5.avoid doing sth 避免做某事 6.allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事

7.want to do sth 想做某事 8.learn to do sth 学会 做某事

9.It takes + sb. +一段时间 + to do sth做某事花费某人多长时间

词法和句法 made of“由…制成” 主语为制成品 of 后接原材料 ,制成品能看见原材料。

be made from“由…制成”主语为制成品from后接原材料,成品看不见原材料。

记忆顺口溜:be made of 与 be made from 用法

由物制造,方式有两种; 样子很相似, 用法不相同;

of两字母 , 材料能看出;from四字母, 材料看不出。

be made in + 地点 某物产于某地

be famous for 以...闻名;为人知晓 be known for因...而闻名

be famous as作为...而闻名 be known as作为...而闻名

3. both … and … ……和……都……不但……而且…… 连接主语时,动词为复数。

not only … but also… 不但……而且…… 连接主语时, 动词就近原则。

either …or…或者……或者…… 连接主语时, 动词就近原则。

neither…nor…既不……也不…… 连接主语时,动词就近原则。

4. It seems that … ……似乎……

seem + adj. / seem to do sth

It seems that he is going to leave here . 似乎他要离开这里。= He seems to leave here .


1. produce v. 生产,制造→n.product 产品

2. France n. 法国→adj. French法国的

3.Germany n. 德国→adj.German 德国的

2. celebrate v. 庆祝→n. celebration 庆典, 庆祝活动 v.生活→ adj. lively 生气勃勃的

4. complete adj. 完整的 , 完全的 →adv. completely 完全地 , 完整地

5.wide 宽的,宽阔的 widely 广泛地,宽阔地


1. search for 搜寻, 寻找 相当于 look for

3.hardly adv. 几乎不表示否定含I can hardly hear you , ?

4. avoid v. 避免,回避 avoid doing sth . 避免做某事

5. be good for 对……有益 be good at 擅长

be good with sb. 与……和睦相处be good to 对……好

6. everyday adj. 每天的 , 日常的every day 每日, 每天 相当于频率副词,做时间状语。He reads everyday English every day .

7. continue v. /go on / keep (on) 继续,连续

Continue/go on /keep (on) to do sth . 继续/ 接着做另一件事情

continue/go on /keep (on) doing sth . 继续做原来的事情

After he finished reading a novel , he continued to play games with his friends .

8.allow v. 允许, 准许

allow doing sth 允许做某事

allow sb. to do sth 允许某人做某事

be allowed to do sth . 被允许做某事

It’s not allowed to smoke here . 这儿不允许吸烟。

Grammar(语法) 被动语态




Many people speak English. 主语people是动词speak的发出者。


English is spoken by many people. 主语English是动词speak的承受者。





1.一般现在时:am/is/are+动词过去分词 Cars are made by them.

2.一般过去时:was/were+动词过去分 The MP3 was bought by my father.


4.一般将来时will be + going to be + p.p.,

1)I will make a plan . A plan will be made by me .


am / is / are + P.P., (1)Do they speak French ? Is French spoken by them ?

(2)They don’t use the room ., The room isn’t used by them .


was / were + p.p., (1)The man killed a tiger . A tiger was killed by the man

4.一般将来时will be + going to be + p.p.,

1)I will make a plan . A plan will be made by me .

情态动词can / may / must / should + be + p.p.,

(1)We should hand in our homework .Our homework should be handed in by us .

(2)You must answer the question in English .,

The question must be answered in English by you .




The book is written for children.

(2)当动作的承受者是谈话的中心时通常用被动语态。这时可以带by短语。 This pen was given to me by Tom.

(3)无必要或不愿说出动作的发出者。这种情况通常是出于礼貌方面的考虑。 Smoking is not allowed here.







We visited that factory last summer


主语 谓语 宾语 状语

That factory was visited by us last summer


主语 谓语 宾语 状语


时态, 主动语态, 被动语态



Some new computers were stolen last night. (不知道电脑是谁偷的)


The window was broken by mike.





被动句中它回来;动词let 要除外To词可来可不来。

Unit 6 When was it invented?

1.It's my pleasure.= My pleasure. 我的荣幸 2.seem+to+动词原形 好像做某事

3.such a great invention 如此伟大的一项发明 4.think of = think about 想到,考虑 our daily lives 在我们的日常生活中 my daily life在我的日常生活中

7.have a point 有道理 accident 偶然地,意外地

9.over an open fire 在篝火上 mentioned that 它提到

11.It is said that 据说 12.It is believed that人们相信

13.fall into(过去式fell into)=drop into掉进… the 19th century 在19世纪

15.spread to other countries 传播到其他国家 a low price 以很低的价格

17.bring(brought) sth. to sp.把某物带到某处 18.all of a sudden 突然地

19.less than少于,不到 more than = over 超过 20.without doubt 毫无疑问 that time 在那时 22.advise sb (not) to do sth建议某人(不要)做某事

23.start doing sth 开始做某事 on sth 致力于某事

25.(be) similar to 与……相似 26.the Olympics 奥运会 mistake 错误地,无意地 28.make a mistake 犯错

29.divide ...into…把…分成… the end = at last = finally 最后 the same time 同时 32.teach(taught) sb to do sth 教某人做某事

33.come up with 想出 34.encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事

35.the purpose of ……的目的 36.stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事

37.look up to sb.钦佩某人 38.look up the word 查找单词 together 一起工作 40.I want to achieve my dream.我想实现梦

41.My dream will come true.我的梦想会实现 hard 努力工作

43.on a hard floor 在坚硬的地板上 44.lead to导致

45.Don't mention it.不客气,不用谢 46.translate...into....把…翻译成… used for doing sth=be used to do sth 48.dream of doing sth 梦想做某事

1. shoes with special heels 特殊后跟的鞋子

2. hot ice cream scoop 热的冰其淋勺子

3. run on electricity 电动的4. be used for 被用作

5. the subject for my school project 学校项目的课题

14. translate the book into different language把书翻译成不同种的语言

17. a much-loved and active sport 一个深受喜爱并且积极的运动

21. the professional basketball groups 职业篮球机构

22. use someone else’s idea 借用其他人的想法


3.make a decision to do sth.=decide to do sth.决定做某事

4.make sb. + adj. 使某人怎么样make sb do sth使某人做某事

be made to do sth 被使唤去做某 this way这样,用这种方式



2.not…until直到…才,I don‘t go to sleep until 11 every day.我每天直到11点才睡觉。

3.take place 表示预料之中的事情的发生,happen表示预料不到的事情的发生,两个“发生”都没有被动

4.alone adv.独自,如live alone 独自居住; lonely adj,孤单的,如a lonely person

5.the number of …的数量,后面的名词用复数(一般要加S),动词用单数(is)

a number of 许多…,后面的名词用复数(一般要加S),动词用复数(are)

6.else 和 other 都表示“别的”,else 一般放在who、what等特殊疑问词或somebody 、someone等不定代词后,如someone else别人who else别的谁,而other一般放在名词前,如other animals

3. pleasure n. 高兴,愉快;

常用于口语中;it’s my pleasure. With pleasure.

It’s my pleasure to help you look after your pet cat.我感到很荣幸帮你照看你的宠物猫。

please, pleased, pleasure, pleasant 的区别



-Come in, please.请进来吧。(或Pease come in)

2.表“讨好,讨人喜欢;喜欢”(不及物动词)或者“使···高兴,使···满意,使···喜欢”(及物动词)-Go where you please.你想去哪就去哪。

二、pleased形容词。表示“高兴的,喜欢的,满意的”。它指的是人主观上感到的满足心理-I'm pleased to see you!

常用句型有:be pleased to do sth.高兴做某事

be pleased at/about/with/by 对···感到满意/高兴

be pleased that从句 对··· 感到满意/高兴


The walk was very pleasant. 那次散步很(让人)愉快。

四、pleasure名词 表示“满足;乐趣;消遣、娱乐”

It's a pleasure to read this book. 读这本书真是件乐事。

When was it invented? 它是何时发明的?

本句用于询问某个物品的发明时间,结构为“When + was+某项物品+invented?”,其中was invented是一般过去时的被动语态,其基本结构是“was/were + 过去分词”

This book was bought yesterday. 这本书是昨天买的。

a. 词汇包:

1.remain (v.) 保持;剩余;残余

remain意为“停留,留下”,相当于stay。“呆在那里”可以说remain / stay there,但“呆在家里”只能说stay (at) home。

She remains in the house all these days. 她这些天一直呆在那栋房子里。

They all wished us to remain. 他们都希望我们留下来。



She remained sitting when they came in.

2. by accident偶然地;意外地

He made this mistake by accident.他犯这个错误纯属偶然。

1. In England, tea didn’t appear until around 1660.

此句是由until引导的时间状语从句。not.. until 意为“只到…才…”。

She didn’t leave until I felt better.只到我感觉好点了,她才离开。21教育网



1. 在肯定句中,until与延续性、持续性动词连用,表示“直到……为止”。

I worked until late in the afternoon. 我一直干到下午很晚的时候。

2. 在否定句中,until常与瞬间动词、短暂性动词连用,表示“直到……才……”,“不到……不……”。

The rain didn’t stop until midnight.

1.George wanted to make the customer happy. 乔治想让顾客开心。


The bad news makes her sad.



I made it a condition that everybody must be on time. 我提出一个条件,人人都要准时。

The heavy rain made it impossble for us to go out. 大雨使得我们无法出去。


1.“make+宾语+n”意为‘使/让某人 / 某物(成为)……”。

We made him our monitor.

2.“make+宾语+do sth”意为“使某人做某事”。 在被动语态中,此类结构中省略的动词不定式 to 要还原。

Our teacher makes us feel more confident.。


1. 1.divide (v.) 分开;划分

divide …into 意为“把……划分为……” ,be divided into 意为“划分为”。

This class is too large; we shall have to divide it for oral practice


His lecture divides into three parts.

Let's divide ourselves into several groups.

We have divide ourselves into three groups since this term.


It is believed that... 相当于people believe that...是“人们相信/认为

It is reported that… 据报道……

It is supposed/thought that… 人们认为……

It’s known that…众所周知……

It is said that


Unit7 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.


1.get his driver’s license 取得驾驶执照 way没门,不行

3.sixteen-year-olds 十六岁的人sixteen-year-old 十六岁的

4. be worried about=worry about 担

5. have part-time jobs 做兼职工作 6. get one’s ears pierced 打耳洞

7. get / have / make sth. done 使某物被做… 8. stop doing sth 停止做某事

9. stop to do sth. 停下来去做某事

10. spend time with sb. 花时间和某人在一起

11.take photos, take a photo 照相 12.use a flash 使用闪光灯

13.all night 整夜 14.stay by my side 呆在我身边

15.make sure = be sure 确保,确定

16.keep sb. (away) from sth使某人远离某物

17. hurt oneself 伤害某人自己 18. give sb. a hug = hug sb. 拥抱某人

19.lift sb.up 举起某人 20. cough badly 剧烈地咳嗽

21. talk back 回嘴 22. an adult 一个成人

23. think back to 回想起 24. regret doing sth. 后悔做了某事

25. make one’s own decision 做某人自己的觉得

26.too + adj.+ to do sth. 太…而不能做某事

27.learn…from…从…学到… 28.agree with sb 同意某人的观点

29.disagree with sb. 不同意某人的观点 30.move out 搬出去

31.take care of = look after=care for 照顾

32.manage one’s own life 管理自己的生活

33.manage to do sth 努力完成某事 34. that is why 那就是为什么…

35.continue to do sth继续做某事 36. take a test参加考试

37.pass the test通过考试 the test考试不及格 strict with sb in sth在某方面对某人要求严格

40.get in the way of妨碍…41.a running star一个跑步明星

42.a professional runner一个专业的跑步运动员

43.grow up长大 44.allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某人

45.should be allowed to do sth. 应该被允许去做某事

46.have nothing against doing sth.不反对做某事

47.succeed in doing sth.成功做某事 to do sth. 做某事失败

49.end up with 以…结束 end up as 最终成为

50.practice doing sth.练习做某事 51.see sb. do sth. 看见某人做了某事

52.spend time on sth.在某事上花时间 spend time in doing sth在做某事上花时间

53. care about sb.关心某人 with sb. about sth.和某人谈论某事

55.make a choice做选择 56.have a chance to do sth.有机会去做某事


1.She is a sixteen-year-old girl.=She is sixteen years old.

2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事(主动语态)

 be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事(被动语态)

 Mother allows me to watch TV every night.  

LiLy is allowed to go to America.

3. get their ears pierced 穿耳洞

 让/使(别人)做某事  get sth. done(过去分词)

            have sth. Done  

I get my hair cut. == I have my hair cut.


①get sb / sth + 形容词 使某人或某物处于某种状态

I can’t get the pronunciation right.我不能正确发音。

②get sb /sth. +to do sth. 让某人或某物干某事

You should get your friend to help you.

③get sb / sth + doing sth.使某人或某物一直干什么。

You must get the machine running all the time.

④get sb /sth. + 过去分词 使某事发生

This letter is very important, you mustn’t get it lost.

4. enough 足够  口诀:名前形后

 形容词+enough 如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮

enough+名词 如:enough food 足够食物

enough…to  足够…去做…

例:I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京。

She is old enough to go to school.她够大去读书了。

5. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 Please stop speaking.

stop to do sth. 停止下来去做某事 Please stop to speak.

6. 系动词用法:系动词+adj

常用的系动词有:look, feel, be, become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay(保持), kept等。连系动词除be和become等少数词可接名词作表语外,一般都是接形容词。

口诀:一是be,二保持keep,stay 三变化 become,turn,get

五起来 look,smell, taste, feel,sound

She felt very tired. The grass turns green.

7. get in the way of 碍事,妨碍 如:

Her social life got in the way of her studies.

8. also 用于句中 I also like apples.

either用于否定句句末 I don’t like apples, either.

too 用于肯定句句末 I like apples, too.

Unit 8 It must belong to Caral


1. belong to… 属于… 2. toy truck 玩具卡车

3. her favorite writer 她最喜爱的作家 4. the only little lid唯一的小孩

5. listen to pop music听流行音乐 6. hair band 发带

7. attend a concert 参加音乐会 8. in the music hall 在音乐大厅

9. something valuable 贵重的东西 10.go to a picnic=go for a picnic去野餐

11. at the picnic在野餐时 12. the rest of my friends 我其余的朋友

13. pick it up 捡起,拾起 14. each other=one another 互相,彼此

15. nothing much没什么(事) 16. something unusual不寻常的东西

17. something strange奇怪的事 18. anything else其它的东西

19. be interviewed by… 被…采访 20. strange noises 奇怪的声音

21. outside our window在我们的窗外 22. next-door neighbor隔壁邻居

23. at first 首先,起初 24. run away 逃走

25. feel uneasy 感到不安 26. have no idea=don’t know 不知道

27. go away 走开,离开 28. noise-maker 噪音的制造者

29. have fun doing sth.做某事开心 30. create fear制造恐惧

31. in the neighborhood 在社区 45. wear a suit 穿西服/套装

32. There must be …doing sth. 一定有…在做某事

33. in the laboratory 在实验室 34. hear water running听见流水声

35. cough a lot 咳得厉害 36. run after追赶

37. a woman with a camera 一位拿相机的妇女 38. at work 在工作

39.might be late for work 可能上 40. must be dreaming一定在做梦

41. run for exercise跑步锻炼 42. run to do sth. 跑着去做某事

43. catch a bus 赶公共汽车 44. make a movie 拍电影

46. express a difference / result表达差异 / 结果

47. add information 添加信息 48. at the same time 同时

49. a rock circle 一个石头圈 50. not only …but also…不仅…而且…

51.Britain’s most famous historical places 英国最著名的的 历史名胜

52.receive more than 10 visitors 接待10多名游客

53.on the longest day of the year 在一年中最长的那天

54. ancient leaders古代领导者 55. a group of… 一群…

56.. a bit late 有点晚儿 57. communicate with the gods 与上帝交流

58 so many centuries ago许多世纪前

59. point out 指出 60. a kind of calendar 一种日历

61. put together 放在一起 62. in a certain way 以某种方式

63. on midsummer’s morning 在仲夏的上午44.shine directly into… 直接照进…

65. the center of the stones石头的中心66. a medical purpose 一个医学目的

67. prevent illness 阻止疾病 68. move up 上升,提升

69. from your feet move up your body 从你的脚上升到你的身体

70. the position of… …的位置 71.for a special purpose为了一个特别的目的

72. a burial place 一个墓地73. a place to honor ancestors祭拜祖先的地方

74.celebrate a victory over an enemy庆祝战胜敌人

75. a long period of time 很长一段时间


must, may, might, could, may, can’t+动词原形 表示推测,程度不同

must 一定,肯定(100%的可能性)

may, might, could有可能, 也许(20%-80%的可能性)

can’t 不可能, 不会(可能性几乎为零)

例:The dictionary must be mine. It has my name on it.

The CD might/could/may belong to Tony, because he likes listening to pop music.

The hair band can’t be Bob’s. After all, he is boy!

2. take place 常指“(某事)按计划进行或按计划发生”(二者都无被动)


例:Great changes have taken place in China since.

New things are happening all around us.

take place还有“举行”之意。例:The meeting will take place next Friday.

happen还可表示“碰巧;恰好”之意 It happened that I had no money on me.

3. try to do sth.尝试做某事

try/do one’s best to do sth. 尽某人的最大努力去做某事

例:I try to climb the tree. ried his best to run.

4. there be sb./ sth. doing There is a cat eating fish.

There must be something visiting our home.

5. 辨析because of , because

because of +名词/代词/名词性短语

because +从句

例:I do it because I like it. 我做这件事是因为我喜欢。

I had to move because of my job. 因为工作的原因我得搬家。

6. anything strange 一些奇怪的东西

当形容词修饰something, anything, nothing, everything等不定代词时,放在这些词的后面

Unit 9 I like music that I can dance to


1. dance to (music) 随着(音乐)跳舞 2. sing along with 随着…一起唱

3. musicians who play different kinds of music弹奏不同类型音乐的音乐家

4. electronic music 电子音乐 5. not much 没什么(事)

6. suppose sb to do sth. 猜想某人做某事7. be supposed to do sth 应该做某事

8. suppose sb (to be) +adj. 原以为… 9. have spare time 有空闲时间

10. in one’s spare time在某人的空闲时间 11. spare the time to do sth 抽时间做…

12. a film director 一名电影导演 13. think too much 想太多

14. in that case 既然那样 15. World War II 第二次世界大战

16. smooth music 悦耳的音乐 17. prefer A to B 比起B来更喜欢A

18. prefer doing A to doing B 19. prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.

20. feel like doing sth 想要做某事 21. stick to 坚持,固守

22. be down 悲哀,沮丧 23. cheer sb up 使… 高兴/ 振奋

24. have a happy ending 有个美满的结局

25. try one’s best to do sth. 尽某人最大努力做…

26. less serious 不那么严 27. a good way to do sth 做某事的好办法

28. make me feel even sadder 让我感觉更伤心

29. provide plenty of information about a certain subject

30. shut off my brain 关闭我的大脑 31. in time 及时 on time 按时/准时

32. once in a while 偶尔的,有时 33.write one’s own lyrics 自己写歌词

34.sing the words clearly歌词唱的清楚 35. take sb to sw.带某人去某地

36. Chinese folk music 中国民间音乐 played on the erhu 由二胡演奏的

38 move sb.感动某人, sb. be moved by… 39. strangely beautiful 异常的/出奇的美

40. sense a strong sadness and pain 感觉到一种强烈的伤感和痛苦

41. one of the most moving pieces of mus 最令人感动的乐曲之一

42. look up 查看,查阅 43. be written by sb. 由/ 被…写的

44. in the city of… 在…市 45. play many musical instruments 弹奏很多的乐器

46. by age 17 到17岁的时候 47. be known for musical ability 因音乐才能而出名

48. develop a serious illness 得了一种很重的病

49. become blind 成了盲人,变瞎 50. for several years 几年

51. make money 赚钱 52. get married (to sb) (和某人)结婚

53. continue to do sth 继续做某事 54.perform in this way用这种形式表演

55. during/ in one’s lifetime在某人有生之年

56. by the end of… 到…末为止60. the great erhu masters 很棒的二胡大师

57. It’s a pity that… … 遗憾的是… 58. in total 总共

59. be recorded for the future world to hear 被记录下来供后人聆听

61. master a foreign language 掌握一门外语

62. praise …for… 因为…赞美 63. China’s national treasures 中国的国家珍宝

64. paint a picture of…描绘了一幅…画

65. recall one’s deepest wounds 唤起某人最深的伤痛

66. painful experiences 痛苦的经历 67. a time for spreading joy 传播快乐的时间



【1】prefer A to B、A与B相比较,比较喜欢A

例:I prefer English to Chinese. I prefer fish to meat.

【2】prefer doing A to doing B,A与B相比,比较喜欢做A

例:I prefer swimming to running.

【3】prefer to do A rather than do B,A与B相比,比较喜欢做A

例:I preferred to stay behind rather than go with you.

【4】词组prefer not to do “不愿意做……”

2. whatever 相当于no matter what

例:Wherever you go, whatever you do, I’ll be right here waiting for you.

3. cheer up高兴起来;振作起来 使欢乐;使高兴

例:Cheer up!Your troubles will soon be over.

He tried to cheer them up with funny stories.

marry娶;嫁;结婚;和...结婚 marry sb. / get married 表示动作

例. He married a pretty girl.

She married a soldier. =She got married to a soldier.

They got married last year.

4. keep healthy 保持健康

例. In order to keep healthy, he keeps jogging every day.

keep in good health, keep fit和 stay healthy 都表示“保持健康”





an interesting book   形容词interesting做定语修饰book

a book that is interesting    that is interesting句子做定语修饰book

interesting/that is interesting作用是相同的,都是用作定语来修饰名词book, 这种在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。


  I like music that I can dance to. (作宾语)

  I prefer singers who can write their own songs. (作主语)

注1:That在从句中作主语或宾语(作宾语时that 可省略)

UNIT 10 you are supposed to shake hands


1. be supposed to do sth 应该做… 2. be expected to do sth. 应该/被期望做…

3. shake hands (with…) (和…) 握手 4. bow to sb. 向某人鞠躬

5. for the first time 首次,第一次 6. people in Korea 韩国的人们

7. greet sb.( in) the wrong way以错误的方式问候某人

8. be invited to sw. 被邀请去… 17. a bit/ little late 晚一点

9. be invited to do sth. 被邀请做… 10.welcome party 欢迎会

11. as soon as 一… 就…(引导时间状从) 12. as soon as sb can 尽可能快的。。。

13.hold out (my hands) 伸出(我的手14. on both sides of my face在我的两个脸颊上

15. be from= come from 来自 16. be relaxed about 对…放松/随意

18. value the time we spend with sb珍惜我们与某人度过的时间

in our everyday lives 在我们的日常生活中 20. drop by 顺便拜访,随便进入

21. make plans ( to do sth.) 计划做某事 22. plan to do sth.计划做某事

23. on the side of the face在脸的一侧 24. the town center 在城镇中心

25. as many as sb can = as many as possible 尽可能多的…

26. be on time 守时 27. the capital of clocks and watches钟表之都

28. after all 毕竟,终归 29. at noon 在中午

30. 15 minutes late 迟到15分钟 31. get / be mad (at sb) 生气,气愤

32.make an effort (to do sth) 努力做… 33.avoid heavy traffic 避免交通拥挤

34.keep sb waiting让某人一直等候 35.without calling first 没有事先打电话

36.go abroad 出国 at home 在国内 37. be important to 对…是重要的

38. bring your passport 带护照 39.clean … off 把…擦掉

40 clean the chalk off the blackboard 把黑板上的粉笔字擦掉

41.the northern coast of Norway 挪威的北海岸

42. during the winter season 在冬季 43. knock at/ on 敲(门,窗…)

44. take off 脱下,起飞 45. be worth doing sth. 值得做…

46. table manners 餐桌礼仪 47. mind your manners 注意你的礼仪

48. stick …into… 把... 插进… 49.hit an empty bowl 敲空碗

50. point at指着, point to指向 (侧重方向)51. at the table 在餐桌旁

52 at table 在吃饭 53.basic table manners 基本的餐桌礼仪

54. my biggest challenge 我最大的挑战 56.there is no reason to do sth.没原因做

55. on my student exchange program 在我的交换生生

57. go out of one’s way (to do sth.)特地做某事…, 格外努力做…

58.make sb feel at home 使某人感到宾至如归

59. a teenage granddaughter 一个十几岁的(外)孙女

60. talk to sb in French用法语和…交谈 comfortable doing 舒服/轻松做某事

62.behave well/ badly/ politely举止好 63. behave oneself 举止规矩

64. as you can imagine 正如你想象的那样 65. be different from 与…不同

67. gradually get used to sth逐渐习惯某事 68. cut it up 把它切开

69. eat it with a fork 用叉子吃它

70.put your elbows on the table 把肘部放在桌子上

71. have a safe trip 一路平安,旅途愉快 72. show up 出席,露面,到场,


1. (1)suppose:猜想;假设 suppose that表示“猜测;假设”,that可省

I suppose he is a student.

(2)be supposed to do sth被期望做某事,应该做某事。相当于 should

We are supposed to stop smoking.

2. make plans to do == plan to do. 打算做某事 

She has made plans to go to Beijing.=She has planed to go to Beijing.

go out of one’s way to do 特意,专门做某事 

He went out of his way to make me happy.

3. In Switzerland, it’s very important to be on time.

4. We are the land of watches, after all. 毕竟我们是钟表王国。

(1)the land of watches钟表王国 例:China is the land of bikes.

(2)after all毕竟 例:After all your brother is a little kid.

5. Thanks for...=Thank you for...表示“因...而感谢”,后接名词、代词或者动名词

6. 辨析except和besides


例:I get up early except Sunday. (不包括星期天)

Nobody was late for the meeting except me today.


例:Five others are late besides me. (包含我在内)

7. not ...any more=no more 不再 not... any longer=no longer 不再

例:The boy didn’t cry any more/longer when he saw his mother.

8.辨析maybe和may be

(1)maybe 副词:“大概、或许”,常用于句首表示不确定的猜测。

例:Maybe your father is at home.

(2)may be 情态动词:may+动词原形be构成句子的谓语,情态动词may表示推测,译为:也许 许、可能

t)supposed to do sth (不) 被期望做某事 (语气较轻)

should (not)do (不)应该做... (语气较重)

2. You’re supposed to shake hands when you meet for the first time

shake→ shook→ shaken 摇动,震动

shake hands 握手

shake hands with sb.与某人握手

3. sth 预料/期望某事

sb to do sth 期待/期望某人做某事

expect to do sth 期待/期盼做某事、预计做某事

that 从句 预料…; 想….

( 没有hope sb to do / 只有hope that sb can/ will do )

I expect so/ not = I hope so / not

sb. be expected to do sth. 某人被期望做某事/应该要做某事

5. hold out ones` hand 伸出(手)

hold on 抓住; (打电话时用语)别挂断...

hold on to 坚持; 不放弃、

hold up 举起;.

7. drop by + 地点 顺便拜访某处

drop in at + 地点 顺便拜访某处

drop in on + 某人

8. be mad at sb. 对某人生气be angry with sb. 对某人生气

She was mad at her husband for forgetting her birthday.

10.except “除了….”即except后的人或物被排除在外

besides “除….之外还有….” 即besides 后的人或物也包括在前面提到的范围内。

except “除…之外” (排除关系)/ except for (在整体里面除去某个细节)

besides “除……之外(还有) (并列关系) / beside = next to 在附近

go out of one’s way to do sth 特别/格外努力地做某事。

make oneself at home 别客气,就像在自己家一样。

the symbol of ….的象征after all 毕竟 best of all 更好的是

all 用法拓展

not at all 一点也不 all of a sudden 突然

all the time 一直;总是 all in all 总的来说

all over 到处;处处 above all 最重要的是

first of all 首先;第一 in all 总共

be pleased with 对….感到满意

drop by 顺便拜访pick up 捡起

mostly 主要地for the fist time 第一次

For the first time he enjoyed a roast potato.(烤土豆)。

常见的time 短语还有:

what time 几点 all the time 一直

at times 有时 in time 及时

on time 按时 at no time 立即

have a good time 玩得开心 at any time 随时

next time 下次 at the same time 同时

from time to time 偶尔 for a time 暂时 soon as 一……就….. ; as soon as 引导时间状语从句时, 如果主句是一般将来时, 从句要用一般现在时代替。I’ll tell him as soon as I see him.

像这样的引导词还有:if ,not…until..,unless ,when while

13. be relaxed about 对…..宽松; 对….随意 They are relaxed about time.

15. as …as sb can = as …. as possble 尽某人所能……

16. get mad with sb 生某人的气

17. make an effort to do sth 努力做某事

We will make an effort to finish the project on time.

18. worth adj 值得; 有….价值的

True friendship is worth more than money.

be worth doing sth 值得做某事

He who does his duty is worth praising.

19. gradually 逐步地; 逐渐地

Nowadays, many old customs are gradually dying out.

20. You’ll find it useful to study English well after you leave school.

I find it difficult to finish the work on time . We only have three hours left.

Unit11 Sad movies make me cry.


1.Would rather 宁愿 2.quiet music 轻音乐 sb. Crazy/mad 使人发疯/发狂4.the more…the more… 越……越……; friends with [sb] 成为【某人的】朋友 6.leave out 忽略;不提及;不包括

7.have fun with 和某人过得愉快 sb. In 召来;叫来

9.neither …nor…既不……也不…… 11.feel like [doing] sth.想要……

12.take one’s position 取代……位置 13.for no reason 无理;无缘无故 start with 起初;开始时 for 搜寻 even though 即使

16.feel like 感觉像…… 17.let …down 使失望 18.kick sb. Off 开除某人 hard on sb. 对某人苛刻;对某人要求严厉 20.rather than 而不是

21.pull together 齐心协力;通力合作 22.(be) in agreement 同意

23.hear sb. Doing sth. 听见某人正在做某事

Unit 12 Life is full of the unexpected.

重点短语: the time 在……之前 2.get up 起床 3. be full of 充满

4.give…a lift 捎(某人)一程 5.go off 响铃 6.rush out 冲出

7.wake up 醒来 least 至少;反正 about to 将要

10.go on 发生;向前走 11.stare at 盯着……看 disbelief 怀疑地 line with (与……)成一排 14.turn into 变成 15. take off 起飞

16.jump out of 从……跳下 show up 赶到 the end of 在(某时间点)以前29.a piece of 一张

18.get dressed 穿衣服 19.stay up 熬夜 20.April Fool’s Day 愚人节

21.Costume party 化妆舞会 22.Sell out 卖光 23.Take place 发生

24.Play jokes on sb. 和某人开玩笑 25.End up 以……结束

26.Get married to 和……结婚27.Police officer 警官 28.Run out of 用完

Unit 13 We’re trying to save the earth!

重点短语: full of 充满 2.close down 关闭 a part in 扮演角色

4.clean up 打扫卫生5.cut down 减少 6.instead of 代替

7. make a difference 起作用,有影响8.used to 过去常……

9.lead to 通往…… 10.hear of 听说 harmful to …对……有害

12.the food chain 食物链 the top of 在……顶部或顶端 14.turn off 关掉

15.take part in 参加 for 付费;付出代价 17.take action 采取行动

18.throw away 扔掉;抛弃 19. put sth. to good use 好好利用某物

20.pull…down 拆下;摧毁21.turn upside down 上下颠倒;倒转

22.set up 建起,成立23.bring sb. Back to 使想起 24. be known for 因……而闻名

Unit 14 I remember meeting all of you in Grade7.

重点短语: a survey 做调查 the keyboard 演奏电子乐器 sb. With sth. 帮助某人做…… a prize 获奖 a row 连续几次地 6.take a break 休息 patient with sb. 对某人耐心 out 算出, 解决好 matter how 无论怎样 better in 在……做得更好

11.because of 因为 12.put in more effort 付出更多的努力

13.go shopping 去购物 14.look back at 回首(往事);回忆;回顾

15.make a mess 弄得一团糟(一塌糊涂)

16.keep one’s cool 沉住气;保持冷静

17.prepare for 为……做准备 18.senior high (school) 高中

19.go by (时间)逝去;过去20.believed in 信任;信赖

21.look forward to 盼望 22. be thirsth for 渴望;渴求 thankful to sb. 对某人心存感激 24.first of all 首先

25.ahead of 在……前面 along with 连同;除……以外还 responsble for 对……有责任;负责任 27. set out 出发;启程 responsble for 对……感到骄傲 29.give up 放弃

30.make mistakes 犯错误 31.separate from 分离;隔开


非谓语动词 动词不做谓语用 不定分词与动名。to加原形不定式,