人教版七年级英语上册常考易错题点拨60例

1. What is this? It’s_____ V.

A. a B. an C. D. the

C. V在此处为专用名词,其前不用任何冠词。

2. There is _____ f in the word family.

A. a B. an C. D . the

B. f在此处作普通名词用,且为元音因素开头,故用定冠词an

3.This is my_____ book.

A. a B. an C. the D.

D. 单数可数名词用在句子或短语中前应加冠词,但其前有形容词性物主代词,指示代词等时,不用冠词。

4 ---______ your name Bob? --- Yes, I am Bob.

A. Am B. Are C. Is D. Be

C. 此题的主语为your name 是物且为第三人称单数故选C.

5. I have a love dog. _____ dog is very clever.

A. An B. A C. D. The

D. 上文提到的物,下文再次出现要用定冠词the.

6. ---You look very beautiful. --- _____.

A. Ok B. Yes, I am C. Thank you D. No, I’m not

C. 对于他人的表扬,要用thank you 回答。

7.Look at the wall. Some picture are ____ it.

A. on B. in C. to D. at

A. On在墙表面上,in 指进入内部。另in the tree 指外来的东西在树上,on the tree 指树上与生俱有.

8.---_____you ____ a ping-pong ball?

A. Are need B. Do need C. Is needs D. Does needs

B. need在此处为实义动词,且主语为第二人称,故用do构成问句。

9. _____ my English teacher, Miss Miller.

A. She is B. He are C. This is D. This are

C. 这是介绍人或物的句型,复数用 these are.

10. Bob’s ruler is_______.

A. green B. color C. in red D. a green

A. 颜色的单词用在be动词后作表语不必加a/an, 如作定语后跟名词单数则加a/an.

11.What do you like for breakfast? ___________.

A. Two piece of bread B. Two pieces of bread C. Two pieces of breads D. Two piece of breads.

B. 不可数名词的数量用数量短语表示,其量词是可数的,故用复数。Bread没有复数形式。

12. I love the two ________(苹果树) behind our school.

apple trees.

由两个名词构成的复合名词短语的复数形式为前一个名词不变,后一个加s/es. 除man/woman 外。由man/woman构成的两者都要变。

13. There are 12 ______(女教师) in our school.

women teachers . 解析同上。

14. Maths _____ is my favorite subject.

A. am B. is C. are D. were

B.有些名词以s 结尾,但不是复数,学科名词多属此类如 physics 物理 politics 政治。 应把它们作为单数看。

15.How many ______ can you see in the picture?

A. tomatos B. tomatoes C. tomato D. the tomato

B. 用 how many 提问时,其后接名词复数形式,而tomato后加-es .类似还有 potato, hero 等。

16.My trousers _____(be) old, but this pair of trousers ____(be) new.

are is 主语trousers为复数因此动词用复数形式,但此类名词如与 a pair of 连用时,动词与 pair 保持一致。

17.There ____ a bag of milk on the desk and there _____ two pieces of bread on it.

A .is is B. is are C. are is D. are are

B. 数词或冠词+名词+of +不可数名词的结构中,由of前的名词决定该词组的单复数。

18. British people eat ____a lot, and they are cooked in different ways.

A. potato B. potatoes C. beef D. chicken

B. 根据后句中的they可知前句中需要复数食品,故B 符合题意。

19. There are two baskets of _______(苹果), a bag of _______(梨子)and two bottle of ________ (水)outside the door. Who put them there?

apples pears water 可数名词使用数词或冠词+名词+of +可数名词来表达数量,可数名词要用复数。

20.Here_____ two photos of my sister.

A. is B. am C. are D. be

C 此句为倒装句,主语为two photos of my sister。

21.I like apples and I eat _______ for lunch. He likes bread but he doesn’t eat ____for lunch.

A. it it B. they it C. them it D. it them

C. 人称代词用在动词后要用宾格,且apple为复数形式故用them,bread为不可数名词用it.

22. I have some bread in my school-bag.(划线提问)

How much bread do you have in your school-bag ?

对不可数名词的数量提问how much 后接不可数名词,而对可数名词的数量提问则用how many 后接可数名词复数形式如There is a book on the desk.----How many books are there on the desk?

23. Tony and I are good friends, but we are in different ____.

A. classes B. school C. grade D. age

A different后接名词复数形式, 故选A。

24. 4. —____ Wang Fang have two small eyes?

—No, she has two big eyes.

A. Does B. Do C. Is D. Are

A 行为动词have, has的疑问句分别由do, does引导。have由do引导;has由does引导, 且has变为原形have, 故选A。

25. —Look, the girl has long legs.

—____

A. That’s right. B. Yes, she is. C. Thanks. D. Good.

A 句意是 “看, 这个女孩有一双长腿”,根据题意, B、C、D选项不合题意。That’s right.是同意对方的观点或看法时的常用语, 译为“对, 正确”,故选A.

26.There are three _______ in my family.

A. people B. person C. peoples D. child

A 本题考查名词单复数形式的运用。people的单复数同形;person的复数形式应是 persons;child的复数形式为children。故答案为:A。

27. —That’s my bag. Please ____.

—OK.

A. give it to me B. give me to itC. give it me D. give me it

A 本题考查固定短语。表示“把某物给某人”可用give sb. sth.也可用give sth. to sb.,但如果某物是代词时, 只能用give it/ them to sb.,故选A。

28. .Li Lei often ____ Lin Tao ____ his English.

A. help; to B. helps; with C. helps; to D. help; with

B help sb. with sth. 意为“帮助某人做某事”, 与help sb. (to) do sth. 同义。题干中often暗示用一般现在时, 主语为第三人称单数, 故选B.

29. .He ____ to visit China.

A. want B. to want C. don’t want D. wants

D 主语he是第三人称单数, 其否定形式为doesn’t want,故选wants。

30. It’s very kind ____ you ____ help me.

A. of; for B. to; do C. of; to D. for; for

C 本题考查常用句型It’s (very) kind/nice of sb. to do sth.

31. That coat is nice and I’ll ____ it.

A. try B. take C. want D. put

B根据语境, 此题指购物时买下某物的说法。在购物时, 要买下某物时常说:I’ll/We’ll take ... 因此选B。

32. I don’t have ____ apple juice, but I have ____ orange juice.

A. any; some B. some; some C. any; any D. some; any

A 本题考查some与any的基本用法。some与any都作“一些”讲的时候, some一般用于肯定句;any一般用于否定句、条件句、疑问句中。但在表示征询意见或建议的疑问句中常用some而不用any。

33. I think. He isn’t a good student. (合并为一句)

I don’t think he is a good student.

I think引导的宾语从句通常否定主句而不否定从句。

34.That song ______ beautiful!

A. is B. sound C. looks D. sounds

D. 为感官系动词 ,后接形容词。

35.Our teacher says, “______ go there.”

A. Won’t B. Isn’t C. Can’t D. Don’t

D. 构成否定祈使句只用do.

36. They are orange watches. (改单数句)

______ ________orange watch.

It’s an watch为可数名词单数,其前要加a/an.

37. He can ____ ping-pong at school.

A. plays B. play C. play a D. plays the

B. 情态动词后接动词原形,没人称和数的变化。Play + 球类名词中间不加the. Play+the+乐器名词。比如He can’t play the guitar.

38. There ___ an apple and some pears on the table. (用 be 填空)

is there be句型中,谓语动词要遵循就近原则,即谓语与离它最近的主语保持一致。

39. There and four _____ seven. (用 be 填空)

is 表两个数字相加的句子谓语动词一般用单数形式。

40.One of the students in our class ______ Chinese. (用 be 填空)

is one of +可数名词复数作主语,谓语用单数形式。

41. These are _____( 我们的 ) exercise books. _______ ( 他们的 ) are in teacher’s desk.

our Theirs 第一空格后有名词exercise books 用形容词性物主代词,第二空格后没有名词用名词性物主代词。

42.--Hello! _____ is Jim speaking. Who _____?

--Hello! _______ Jack.

A. This; is that; This B. This; is that; I’m C. That; are you; I’m D. He; are you; I’m

A. 打电话时,this用于就是介绍自己,that用于询问对方是谁。

43. He doesn’t have any books. ( 改同义句 )

He ______ ________ books.

has no no= not a/not any.

44. Tom with his mother ________ ( go ) shopping today.

goes with his mother 作伴随状语,其主语为Tom单数,故动词加-es构成三单形式。

45._____ is difficult for us to play soccer ball well.

A. That B. This C. It D. He

C. It is + 形容词+ for sb + to do sth. 对某人来说做某事怎样。

46.—Who’s that, Kangkang?

—____ Mary.

A. That’sB. ItC. He’s D. They’re

A. this和that充当主语用于问句询问是谁, 回答仍用this, that;当知道所问对象的性别时也可用She/He is ... 回答, 故选A。

47..—What are those?

—____ are cakes.

A. That B. TheseC. It D. They

D. these, those在问句中指代物体时, 答语中用they代替, 而对this, that回答则用it代替, 故选D.

48. — Do the two boys have big noses?

—____

A. Yes, they are. B. No, they aren’t.

C. No, they have big ones. D. Yes, they do.

D. 以do或does引导的一般疑问句, 其答语仍用do, does作答, 否定用don’t, doesn’t, 名词作主语要用相应的人称代词主格,故选D。

49. .There are few _____ in the fridge. Let's go and buy some potatoes, carrots and peppers.

A. eggs B. meat C. vegetables D.fruit

C. 本题考查名词单复数形式的运用。由题干few提示,后接可数名词,故排除B、D项。根据下文,去买一些洋芋、红萝卜和辣椒。可知冰箱里没有蔬菜了。故选C。

50. You want it, we have it, ________ a very good price.

A.for B.at C.of D.in

B. (“以……价格销售”用介词at)

51. We have sweaters ________ all colors ________ ¥50 each.

A.in, at B.at, in C.in, in D.at, at

A (in all colors各种颜色的, at ¥50 each以每件50美元的价格)

52. We can ________ books ________ the bookstore (书店).

A.sell, to B.buy, from C.sell, from D.buy, to

B (buy…from…从……购买……)。

53. We read $ 10as ________.

A.ten dollar B.ten dollars C.dollar ten D.dollars ten

B. ($10读作ten dollars)。

54. Tom speaks English. ____ Jane ____ English, too?

A. Do; speaks B. Does; speakC. Do; speak D. Does; speaks

B 实义动词作谓语的一般疑问形式用do/does+主语+谓语, 主语是第三人称单数, 故选B。

55. Susan can speak Chinese, ____ she doesn’t like it at all.

A. but B. so C. as D. and

A. 前后两个分句在意思上形成转折关系, 故用转折连词but,选A。

56. The dress is very nice and I’ll ____ it.

A. think B. take C. want D. bring

B. 本题考查在购物时说“买下某物”的用法, 要买下某物常用take, get, have, buy等动词, 而最常用的是动词take, 意思是“决定买走”。

57. That’s too expensive(贵的). ____ thirty yuan?

A. How many B. How much C. Why not D. How about

D. 根据语境, 这是和别人讨论商品价格的话题。why not+动词原形, how about+名词/代词/doing sth. 所以选D。

58. —The box is too heavy.

—____ Let me help you.

A. You’re right. B. You can’t study it well.

C. Don’t worry. D. Not at all.

C. 当别人出现困难或者问题的时候,要给予别人关心和安慰, 让别人不要担心,常用Don’t worry。

59. —I don’t like the green coat.

—____ the red one?

A. What’s B. Where’s C. What about D. How

C. 本题通过语境考查征询别人意见或建议的句子, “……怎么样?”用What/How

about ... ? 因此选C。

60. —Do you want ____ with me?

—Yes, I do.

A. to do any shopping B. do any shopping

C. to do some shopping D. do some shopping

C. 本题考查want to do sth. 和do some shopping的用法, 在疑问句和否定句中some不需变成any。